By Patricia Kennett
The present context of social coverage is one within which the various outdated certainties of the prior were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, household preoccupation of social coverage has made means for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which appears past the bounds of the nation. it's during this context that this instruction manual brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research to be able to supply entire insurance of latest debates and matters in cross-national social coverage examine. Organised round 5 topics, this outstanding quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual elements of venture comparative social study. within the first half, the authors are thinking about de-centring the country and increasing the epistemological framework by which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the point of interest is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the daily fact of getting ready for and engaging in cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising topics and matters that are of specific relevance to figuring out the modern social global. foreign in scope, this authoritative instruction manual offers unique leading edge study from best experts and may develop into an critical resource of reference for someone drawn to comparative social learn. it's going to additionally end up a worthy examine relief for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from various disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reviews and public coverage.
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Additional info for A handbook of comparative social policy
In part, the European Union acts as a relay for these agendashaping efforts and, in part, it has itself played an active role in developing its own agenda for countries beyond its borders. The EU level is also imposing more numerous and tighter restrictions on national economic and social governance, especially through the norms of the Single Market and the economic policy and performance criteria of the Eurozone. This is reflected in the tendential Europeanization of labour market policies, the transformation of national corporatist and bargaining arrangements to allow for greater local and regional differentiation, and the development of ‘social pacts’ that bundle economic and social policies together to advance worker, business and national interests.
The state also attempts to create subjects to serve as partners in the innovative, knowledge-driven, entrepreneurial, flexible economy and its accompanying self-reliant, autonomous, empowered workfare regime. Third, the SWPR is ‘postnational’ insofar as the national territory has become less important as an economic, political and cultural ‘power container’. This is associated with a transfer of economic and social policy-making functions upwards, downwards and sideways. On a global level, this can be seen in the growing concern of a growing number of international agencies (such as the IMF, World Bank, OECD and ILO) and intergovernmental forums (such as the G8) with the shaping of current social as well as economic policy agendas.
Governance embraces organizations like the IMF and World Bank, regional bodies like the European Union, trading organizations such as the WTO, NAFTA or APEC, international and national development agencies and a range of NGOs, who have developed both informal and formal links with inter-governmental bodies. The work of UN agencies, along with a range of international non-governmental organizations, represents ‘the other side of globalization’ (Mishra, 1996: x). For example, in what was hailed at the time as a notable step forward towards finding global solutions to a range of human ills, world leaders at the World Summit for Social Development, held in Copenhagen in 1995, committed themselves to, among other things, the eradication of poverty, full employment as a policy goal, the enhancement and protection of human rights, equality between men and women, increased resources to social development programmes and the incorporation of social development goals into structural adjustment policies.
A handbook of comparative social policy by Patricia Kennett