By Gerald MacLean
Drawing on unique examine, together with in-depth interviews with President Abdullah Gül himself in addition to his spouse and shut circle of work-mates and neighbors, this interesting account deals a portrait of a guy who has been on the center of the political, monetary, and cultural advancements that experience introduced Turkey to foreign prominence in recent times. In 2002 Abdullah Gül's democratically elected social gathering received energy and challenged Turkey's political and spiritual legacy. presently after, Gül grew to become a key participant in Turkey's makes an attempt to obtain an accession date for the eu Union. In 2007 he turned the 1st president of Turkey who used to be additionally a religious Muslim — inflicting political commentators to hail his victory as a new period in Turkish politics" — and he has in view that been an immense determine in Turkey's diplomatic relationships within the center East and overseas political arena.
An crucial resource for college kids of up to date Turkish culture...
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But Christianity survived here and throughout the adjacent region of Cappadocia, whose extraordinary volcanic landscape had been home to fugitive Christian communities for centuries. A large group of Armenian refugees from Ani, accompanied by their king, Gagik II, settled in Kayseri shortly before the Selçuks arrived in 1080 and commanded the city for Islam. In 1097, crusaders failed to recover the city which remained an active Selçuk capital until the Mongols invaded in 1243. For the next century and a half, the city served as a fortified capital for various tribal dynasties until 1397 when it first entered Ottoman hands under Beyazit I, who promptly lost it to Tamerlane in 1402 following his humiliation at the battle of Ankara (Angora).
Massive protests in Izmir and other western cities against his nomination – almost entirely because his wife, Hayrünnisa, wears a headscarf – were swiftly accompanied by an almost hysterical interest in who he was, where he came from, who were his ancestors, and how he had come to be even considered for the job first held by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk – still a personal hero of intense imaginative power for the secular and urban middle classes. To many it was a shock that someone with Abdullah Gül’s background could have risen so far, while Hayrünnisa was already a target for the secularists.
As every Turk knows, it was on that day in 1923 that six hundred years of the Ottoman Empire came to an end when the first session of the Grand National Assembly met in Ankara and voted to approve a resolution proclaiming ‘the form of government of the Turkish state is a Republic’. Later that day, Mustafa Kemal was elected first president of the republic and Ankara became capital of the new republic. Until his death in 1938, Atatürk ruled through a single-party system, enforcing – some say autocratically – reforms that aimed to modernize and secularize the new nation state that emerged in Anatolia after the Western powers had attempted to carve up the former Islamic empire at Sèvres, and later succeeded in doing so at Lausanne while acknowledging Atatürk’s military victories and territorial claims in Anatolia.
Abdullah Gul and the Making of the New Turkey by Gerald MacLean