By Jonathan A. Fox
How can the seeds of responsibility ever develop in authoritarian environments? Embedding responsibility into the kingdom is an inherently asymmetric, partial and contested method. Campaigns for public responsibility frequently win restricted concessions at top, yet they could go away cracks within the method that function handholds for next efforts to open up the nation to public scrutiny. This booklet explores the how civil society ''thickens'' by way of evaluating twenty years of rural voters' struggles to carry the Mexican nation responsible, exploring either swap and continuity earlier than, in the course of, and after nationwide electoral turning issues. The booklet addresses how a lot power-sharing relatively occurs in coverage ideas that come with participatory social and environmental councils, citizen oversight of elections, neighborhood executive social funding money, participation reforms in international financial institution initiatives, community-managed nutrients courses, in addition to new social oversight and public info entry reforms. in the meantime, efforts to workout voice spread even as rural voters give some thought to their go out thoughts, as hundreds of thousands migrate to the U.S., the place many have due to the fact that come jointly in a brand new migrant civil society. considering the fact that causes of electoral swap don't account for the way humans truly adventure the country, this ebook concludes that new analytical frameworks are had to comprehend ''transitions to accountability.'' This comprises unpacking the interplay among participation, transparency and responsibility. Oxford stories in Democratization is a chain for students and scholars of comparative politics and similar disciplines. Volumes pay attention to the comparative learn of the democratization strategy that followed the decline and termination of the chilly struggle. The geographical concentration of the sequence is basically Latin the United States, the Caribbean, Southern and japanese Europe, and correct reviews in Africa and Asia. The sequence editor is Laurence Whitehead, reputable Fellow, Nuffield collage, college of Oxford.
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This section brieﬂy reviews several key state institutions of horizontal accountability in terms of their relationships with civil society: legislatures, the judiciary, and subnational governments. These counterweights are now complemented by a new wave of state institutions— demand-driven independent investigative and ombudsman agencies, public prosecutors, and citizen comanagement of state administration. Then, to explore the interaction between vertical and horizontal accountability, the concept of ‘reverse vertical accountability’ is introduced.
This chapter explores the conceptual foundation of accountability politics by focusing on civil society contributions to both vertical and horizontal dimensions of accountability. g. Bjorland 2004; Isunza Vera 2006; Pastor 1999). But civil society actors also contribute to both the creation and empowerment of the public accountability agencies that drive horizontal accountability from within the state (Schedler 1999b: 340). As O’Donnell pointed out, the impact of civil society pressure for accountability of public authorities ‘depends to a large extent on the actions that properly authorized state agencies may undertake in order to investigate and eventually sanction the wrongdoings’ (1999: 30).
The study pursues three different comparative research strategies: analysis of resource allocation decision-making processes in a representative sample of local rural governments in the state of Oaxaca, comparison of changing municipal–submunicipal power relations in four rural states (Oaxaca, Guerrero, Hidalgo, and Chiapas), and a nationwide comparison of the state level laws that govern this invisible ‘submunicipal regime’. Chapter 7 continues the emphasis on cross-regional comparison, but brings in the role of both transnational and national actors by focusing on World Bank-funded rural development projects.
Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico by Jonathan A. Fox