By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of a thrilling annual sequence offers vital new advancements within the psychology at the back of concerns within the legislations and its purposes. mental conception is used to discover why many present criminal rules and strategies may be useless or counterproductive, with certain emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects should be inspired, occasionally resulting in injustice. professional students make options for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for examine inquiries on themes and wanted coverage alterations. issues incorporated during this preliminary providing have hardly ever been thought of in such an in-depth style or are short of severe re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to actual and fake confessions.
- A complete overview of showups.
- The weapon concentration impression for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of felony jury directions.
- Structured chance evaluate and felony determination making.
- Children’s participation in criminal court cases: rigidity, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that might signify the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislations will curiosity psychology and criminal specialists in addition to practising psychologists, and may encourage clean considering because the fields proceed to interact.
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Extra info for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
We suggest that innocent minority suspects suffer enhanced vulnerability to interrogation in circumstances involving weak, if any, probable cause to suspect guilt. We further suggest that this occurs through three broad mechanisms imperfectly related to actual guilt: (1) the likelihood of attracting police attention, (2) additional factors promoting initial suspicion of guilt, and (3) police assessments of suspect deceptiveness during initial contact. Finally, we suggest these mechanisms are affected by three characteristics of minorities: demographics, stereotypes associating race/ethnicity with crime, and the operation of stereotype threat.
Minorities and Coercion In part, minority vulnerability in interrogation will be a function of the persistence and coerciveness of the interrogations to which they are subjected. , Meissner & Kassin, 2004). , Leo 1996a, 1996b). To the extent minorities are subject to longer, Minorities in Interrogation 29 or otherwise more coercive interrogations involving more tactics, distress will be greater, as will self-regulatory decline, thereby rendering the person more vulnerable to the basic mechanisms promoting confession.
However, they may also suffer enhanced vulnerability via the relatively surprising mechanism of their cost-benefit analysis of consequences of confession. Most people would assume that the potential of conviction and incarceration provides significant resistance to true or false confession among suspects. However, evaluation of imprisonment is variable, and substantial evidence suggests that minorities, particularly Blacks, view prison as less onerous than Whites. Moreover, offender evaluation of other alternatives to incarceration (such as community alternatives or parole) is sometimes less positive than that of prison, particularly among Black offenders.
Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 by Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein