By Lew Freedman
When Jackie Robinson turned the 1st African American participant in significant league baseball in 1947, elbowing apart the league's regulations of segregation that have been inviolate for 60 years, he grew to become an emblem of chance and reputation for African American avid gamers in all places. Robinson withstood discrimination to set up himself as a corridor of status participant, and to guide destiny generations of black avid gamers into the formerly all-white international of significant League Baseball. Written for college kids and normal readers alike, this biographical encyclopedia chronicles the heritage of African American baseball throughout the lifestyles tales of the game's maximum gamers, the legends who performed an important position within the integration of the foremost league.
From Negro League stars Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, to paint line shatterer Jackie Robinson, and people who them within the limelight, akin to Hank Aaron and Willie Mays, readers will learn the way the inclusion of African American avid gamers in significant League Baseball superior the game and race family members within the usa in this serious interval in background.
Providing specific money owed of every player's awesome specialist achievements, this insightful reference describes how the staggering skills of African American avid gamers increased significant League Baseball perpetually. gains comprise a timeline of significant occasions, a variety of images, and a bibliography of print and digital assets for additional reading.
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Additional resources for African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical Encyclopedia
That was Leonard’s entre, and Homestead became home. 8 Whether O’Neil was just kidding or not about Leonard’s fielding, he did become a smooth-fielding first baseman. But Leonard was serious about his hitting prowess. He hit prolifically in Mexico until he was forty-eight. He was a smooth swinger, not a free swinger, a hitter who was disciplined at the plate and could hit a ball where intended. Sticking around the sport made up for Leonard’s late start. The only thing that dimmed Leonard’s sharp eyes and his bat speed was a stroke suffered in 1986.
We played all over the West. We played all over the South. Of course riding was kind of rough. ” The bus only had one door, too, not particularly safe in case of emergency. “We’d need a can opener to come out of the bus. ” Fatigue was a real enemy, but pulling on a baseball uniform seemed to serve as a magical elixir. ”9 Any top-notch African American player enduring the tough conditions of the road, the low, few-hundred-dollar-a-month salaries of black baseball, and the snubs of the major leagues had to be especially mentally strong to cope.
He linked up with independent teams first, one a bunch called the Portsmouth Firefighters that already included his brother Charlie on the roster pitching, and then the Baltimore Stars. It didn’t take much to make Leonard homesick, but making the time worse away from home was the reception blacks received from whites as they arrived to play in new communities. 4 In a movie about black baseball, The Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars and Motor Kings, a slightly surreal scene plays out. The players cannot afford their hotel bill and their cars are confiscated to be auctioned off and cover the debt.
African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical Encyclopedia by Lew Freedman