By John Vance Lauderdale, Jerry Green
The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," was once in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger development of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged gives you that proceed to at the present time. On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, girls, and youngsters at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly coated by way of a blanket of snow, as a snowstorm swept in the course of the nation-state. a number of days later, veteran military health practitioner John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the within reach Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned via what he encountered, he wrote a variety of letters to his closest kinfolk detailing the occasions, aftermath, and everyday life at the Reservation less than army profession. He additionally taken care of the wounded, either Cavalry squaddies and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the big physique of literature already on hand at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private commentary of the tragedy, untainted by way of self-serving memory or adorned newspaper and political experiences. His experience of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specifically about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence offers new perception right into a usual topic and used to be written on the top of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this sizeable assortment, a part of the loo Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's studies on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.
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Extra resources for After Wounded Knee
Generals could test new weapons, equipment and tactics under field conditions. The railroad made possible the rapid movement of troops when and where they were needed. Telegraph lines and heliographs made communication between commanders almost instantaneous. This large force also required the support of the medical department and hospital corps. Medical officers, stewards, acting stewards, and privates of the hospital corps from across the country received orders to proceed to the trouble spots.
Nonetheless, many medical officers expended every effort to bring about needed improvements in the operation of the medical department. In time they succeeded. In 1893 Major Charles Smart, considered one of the brightest officers in the medical corps, noted that, provisions for first-aid to the injured has been the subject of earnest study by medical officers for several years back. 8 Page 14 Dr. Smart further noted that there were two obstacles that delayed progress of the medical department. The first was, ".
Keeping with popular opinion of the day, he stated that the best way to control them was through fear and punishment, not by feeding and coaxing. " The second point of his article dealt with the corruption of the present Indian agents. He believed that responsibility for the welfare of so many people was a formidable task even for an honest agent, and the corrupt agent had no accountability. The Indian had no recourse except through the very agent responsible for generating the poor conditions.
After Wounded Knee by John Vance Lauderdale, Jerry Green