Download e-book for iPad: After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John by Jerry Green

By Jerry Green

ISBN-10: 0870134051

ISBN-13: 9780870134050

The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, recognized to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," used to be actually one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged delivers that proceed to this day.
     On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, ladies, and youngsters at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly lined through a blanket of snow, as a snow fall swept during the geographical region. a couple of days later, veteran military medical professional John Vance Lauderdale arrived for accountability on the within reach Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. surprised through what he encountered, he wrote various letters to his closest family detailing the occasions, aftermath, and lifestyle at the Reservation less than army career. He additionally taken care of the wounded, either Cavalry infantrymen and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already to be had at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private commentary of the tragedy, untainted through self-serving memory or adorned newspaper and political reviews. His feel of frustration and outrage towards the army command, in particular about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's existence. His correspondence offers new perception right into a well-known topic and used to be written on the top of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this vast assortment, a part of the toilet Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's reviews on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.

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Extra resources for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891

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104 Forsyth's actions at the Drexel Mission fight helped convince Miles of the colonel's ineffectiveness as a field commander. Miles appointed a board of inquiry to investigate the charges against Forsyth. The board consisted of three officers, Colonel Eugene A. Carr, Major 1. Ford Kent, and Captain Frank D. Baldwin. Colonel Carr, however, resigned Chapter One: Background 39 from the board because of the political pressures he knew would come to bear on the members. lOS Desiring a quick end to the sordid affair, pressure did indeed come from Washington, thus making the board's job nearly impossible.

Regardless of the circumstances, most Lakotas believed that he was assassinated, and his death had a profound effect on all the Lakota people. His demise was due to his long-standing opposition to any further secession of lands or cooperation with the whites in any way. Chapter One: Background 29 After the death of Sitting Bull, many of his followers fled, in fear for their lives. On 17 December, about thirty-eight of them found their way to Big Foot's camp on Cherry Creek. Big Foot opened his camp to the refugees, where he and his followers fed and clothed them as best they could, sharing what little they had and making the refugees feel welcome.

In addition, many mixed bloods in the employ of the government on the reservations could also read and write. The Indians were just as frightened as the settlers by the newspaper accounts they had read. They did not want the Army to occupy their reservations and feared harm from the soldiers if they came. Pressure on the government from panic-stricken settlers and the inexperienced agents finally brought troops to the reservations. On 18 November 1890 Major General Nelson A. Miles, commander of the Division of the Missouri, ordered Brigider General John R.

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After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891 by Jerry Green

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