Get Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858 PDF

By William B. Griffen

ISBN-10: 0806130849

ISBN-13: 9780806130842

Apaches at warfare and Peace is the tale of the Chiricahua Apaches at the northern frontier of latest Spain from 1750 to 1858, specially these in the area of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. utilizing formerly untapped data in Spain, Mexico, and the U.S., William Griffen relates how Apache raids and different hostilities have been the norm until eventually Bernardo do Galvez, viceroy of latest Spain, inspired the Apaches to settle close to presidios. by way of 1790 a few Apaches have been in place of abode at Janos, and intermittent classes of peace and clash ensued till Mexican independence introduced extra radical adjustments in Indian coverage (such because the nation of Sonora’s supply of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores problems with altering Indian coverage, Indian-Mexican kin, and the access of the us onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico.

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Dobyns, Their Number Become Thinned: Native American Population Dynamics in Eastern North America (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1983), 213-35, 299. 11. John P. Wilson, "The Southern Apaches as Farmers, 1630-1870," in Reflections: Papers on Southwestern Culture History in Honor of Charles H. Lange, Papers of the Archaeological Society of New Mexico, vol. Anne V. Poore (Santa Fe, 1988),79-90. 12. See also Henry F. Dobyns, "Breves comentarios acerca de cierta ceguera cultural evidente en las investigaciones sobre horticultura indígena americana," in Sonora: antropología del desierto.

31 Training Apaches educated their youth to be good warriors and raiders so that they would be good providers as adults. Ideally, boys trained rigorously and practiced running long distances, mounting horses, shooting with the bow, parrying with the lance, jumping into cold water and similar activities to toughen themselves and perfect fighting skills. They learned about animals and studied their reactions, since animals often were aware of an approaching enemy sooner than were humans. Part of the adolescent training was the quest of a vision that would bring supernatural aid so that a boy could become a successful warrior.

The woman cited above, an open, frank person who wanted her identity kept quiet, admitted that it would be difficult to find out about people with Apache ancestry (she thought that there were several in town) because no one was interested in the Indian past. A few people had heard stories about Apaches who came to town, for gifts or to trade, Page xv but they were very unclear about the nature of the relationships Mexicans had with the Apaches or the transactions. The principal source for this study is the archive of the Janos military installation itself, much of which has somehow managed to survive the ravages of time.

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Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858 by William B. Griffen

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