By Stefanie Börner (auth.)
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The degree of dependency, Hechter argues, is further influenced by immanent and environmental factors, such as the costs of moving – that is, the costs for a member to enter and exit the group – the supply of close substitutes, the lack of information about alternatives and the strength of personal ties. High levels of interdependence may provide social cohesion but, as the theory assumes, solidarity among rational actors requires a set of institutional control mechanisms in the form of monitoring and sanctions that prevent individuals from free riding.
B]y viewing the ‘we’ as constituted through the communicative efforts of ‘I’s’, reflective solidarity changes the boundaries of Solidarity and Social Policy 39 community, the demarcation between ‘us’ and ‘them’. Understanding that the expression of ‘we’ designates those within as well as those outside our group gives us an insight into two dimensions of exclusion: those of criteria and those of range. A communicative understanding of ‘we’ makes it possible to open up solidarity in both these dimensions.
Since reconstruction means to recreate an idea, process or action in one’s mind from given or available information, the analysis of text material is both reconstructive and constructive processes (Keller 2007: 8). This double process illustrates the previously mentioned preselected common-sense construct, as well as the second-order construction. In other words, like Towards a New Historical Sociology? 31 many other sociological works this study produces words on words and in doing so generates meaning beyond the texts by introducing new concepts and categories, and by interpreting what has been said.
Belonging, Solidarity and Expansion in Social Policy by Stefanie Börner (auth.)