By Lionel Kochan
The biblical prohibition of pictures units Judaism aside, including Islam, from all different spiritual platforms. This ebook makes an attempt to give an explanation for the explanations for the prohibition - in addition to its limits - after which exhibits how influential it's been in deciding on facets of Jewish considering on the subject of such key strategies as holiness, symbolism, mediation among guy and God, aesthetics and the function of reminiscence in faith. Why is track the only artwork to which Judaism is hospitable? Is Judaism a faith of the ear instead of the attention? what's the actual factor at stake within the age-old debate among Jerusalem and Athens? How do those matters relate to the iconoclastic activities in Byzantine Christianity and the Reformation? Lionel Kochan makes transparent that to the prohibition of the graven photograph there's greater than meets the eye.
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Extra info for Beyond the Graven Image: A Jewish View
The contrast here is with that ladder of 'hierophany' erected by Eliade; this extends 'from the most elementary hierophany - manifestation of the sacred in some ordinary object, a stone or a tree, for example - to the supreme hierophany (which, for a Christian, is the incarnation of God in Jesus Christ) ... 4 Any such association would blur the distinction between an extrinsic (Jewish) notion of holiness and an intrinsic notion. Judaism, whilst reluctantly accepting the presence of holiness, even in matter, remains extremely sensitive to any fear lest holiness be confused with 'hierophany' and fetishism.
48 To the tension generated by the struggle against idolatry, and any emergence of enchantment, the Land stands in a paradigmatic relationship. This generates controversy today as much as ever in the past. It often revolves around Durkheim's theory of religion as an enhancement of collective consciousness in the spirit of which Mordecai Kaplan assimilated Judaism to the religion of those civilisations where 'the collective consciousness was hypostasized or deified in a token, fetish or potentate.
God, ultimately, is in fact the agency of disenchantment, to the extent that were there no God, there would also be no disenchantment. Conversely, disenchantment that lacks acknowledgement of the Torah is no more than another form of enchantment. Otherwise the point is indeed reached when it would seem that the Bible repudiates idolatry only in order to make the world safe for the disenchanted world of modern capitalism, technology, and rationality. The prophetic message encompasses a dual summons that is in fact one, to only part of which is Weber sensitive.
Beyond the Graven Image: A Jewish View by Lionel Kochan