By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick
In essays written together through experts on Soviet and German historical past, the individuals to this publication reconsider and remodel the character of Stalinism and Nazism and identify a brand new method for viewing their histories that is going way past the now-outdated twentieth-century versions of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the hard work of comparability offers us the capacity to check the historicity of the 2 striking regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the top of the chilly conflict and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe are not any longer confused with the political luggage that constricted study and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed records. The time is correct for a clean examine the 2 monstrous dictatorships of the 20 th century and for a go back to the unique purpose of inspiration on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in eu and worldwide historical past.
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Extra info for Beyond totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism compared
The added value derives from the authors’ exploration into what distinguishes the two regimes: namely, that the Stalinist regime stabilized governance (with, rather than in spite of, terror and mass mobilization), whereas Nazism sought to revolutionize the state and used the war as a means of projecting a highly personalized and amorphous regime of authority on the state. The relative longevity of Stalinism and brevity and selfdestructiveness of Nazism, the authors suggest, was not mere happenstance; it emerged out of the politics of the two regimes.
Sozialismus,” Vierteljahrhefte fur “Historikerstreit”: Die Dokumentation der Kontroverse um die Einzigartigkeit der nationalsozialistischen Judenvernichtung (Munich: R. Piper, 1987); Forever in the Shadow of Hitler? Original Documents of the Historikerstreit, the Controversy Concerning the Singularity of the Holocaust (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1993). 32 Michael Geyer violence, while mostly state driven, was deeply embedded in the respective societies. This raises not only the question of the nature of social violence, but also how and why this massive propensity for violence developed within the two societies.
Introduction 31 on genocide. But was the turn to crushing force a reflection of the weakness of power as Hannah Arendt would suggest? Did terror – or, at least, certain kinds of terror – enjoy popular support, was it self-vindication, a means of social mobilization and ideological identification? Could the regime count on popular participation? If we take the Gulag Archipelago and the Holocaust as key – but by no means exchangeable – sites of terror, how do they compare to other sites of terror – or should they be treated entirely separately (as has been argued for the Holocaust)?
Beyond totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism compared by Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick