By Professor Dr. Werner Nachtigall (auth.)
Bioengineering is the department of biology which applies the equipment of engineering and physics to the examine of organic phenomena, and the vocabulary of expertise to explain them. rather with appreciate to the mechanics of circulation and different physiological procedures, some great benefits of this process are seen. yet different fields of research additionally demonstrate new insights whilst biotechnical study equipment are utilized, and the sort of is the comparative morphology of organic buildings. no less than, description in technical phrases allows entire, concise association of a box of study, presents a way of describing organic varieties in phrases in keeping with their functionality, and aids in figuring out interpretations in response to structural layout and sensible anatomy. it really is from this viewpoint that the current publication describes and discusses, on a comparative foundation, organic mechanisms of at tachment. even supposing those are one of the least difficult organic mechanisms, they're attention-grabbing of their variety. This presentation is, in a fashion, an outgrowth of that encyclopedic force that is inside of each scientist. through the years, entire libraries of books were scanned because of this normal interest; the library of the Munich Zoological Institute has proved a very worthwhile resource of knowledge. This little booklet is a far ab breviated distillation of different thousand dossier playing cards which resulted from this urge to collect.
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Additional resources for Biological Mechanisms of Attachment: The Comparative Morphology and Bioengineering of Organs for Linkage, Suction, and Adhesion
Numerous soft-skinned papillae and toothlike projections on the male antennae (204) fill in any irregularities of the mating surface and ensure a firm seating. 3 Forceps There is a further large group of grasping organs and mechanisms, in both biology and technology, which is generally characterized by a fundamental forcepslike construction, modified according to the substrate which is to be grasped. For example, for soft material they might be shaped like broad spoons. Their form is often ingeniously adapted to the function.
These two-part spherical lattices joined by interlocking rows of teeth are found in the benthic tripylean Radiolaria (suborder Phaeoconchia, family Concharidae). In Conchidium (168) and Conchoceras (171) the teeth extend inside the opposite shell half, which bears on its inner side two arches for each tooth-a sturdy one for the base of the tooth and a fme one for its tip. This delicate row of fine arches can also be modified into pairs of pillars which do not grip the tip of the tooth but simply guide it, one on each side.
Enclosed objects are pressed against the rough toothed ridge and held as though in a hand vise; as with most vises, the jaws can constrict or indent the object held so as to improve the grip. The monogenean trematodes (Platyhelminthes) are ectoparasitic flukes with posterior attachment organs of characteristic shapes ("opisthaptors") which anchor them securely to the gills of fish. It is characteristic of the diclidophoroid genera (for example, Microcotyle, Dactylocotyle, and Diplozoon) that their opisthaptors include an apparatus which operates like a paper clip; cuticularized projec~ions are used to clip together several adjacent gill lamellae g of a host fish (182-184).
Biological Mechanisms of Attachment: The Comparative Morphology and Bioengineering of Organs for Linkage, Suction, and Adhesion by Professor Dr. Werner Nachtigall (auth.)