By Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer
Within the mid-1980s public wellbeing and fitness officers in North the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia came upon that nearly 1/2 the hemophiliac inhabitants, in addition to tens of hundreds of thousands of blood transfusion recipients, were contaminated with HIV-tainted blood. This booklet presents a comparative viewpoint at the political, criminal, and social struggles that emerged based on the HIV infection of the blood provide of the industrialized global. It describes how 8 international locations answered to the 1st symptoms that AIDS can be transmitted via blood, how early efforts to safe the blood offer faltered, and what measures have been finally carried out to solve the infection. The authors element the extraordinary mobilization of hemophiliacs who challenged the nation, the scientific institution, and their very own caregivers to hunt recompense and justice. in spite of everything, the blood institutions in just about all the complicated business countries have been shaken. In Canada, the purple go used to be pressured to withdraw from blood assortment and distribution. In Japan, pharmaceutical enterprises that synthetic clotting issue agreed to large repayment -- $500,000 consistent with hemophiliac contaminated. In France, blood officers went to felony. Even in Denmark, the place the variety of contaminated hemophiliacs was once quite small, the fight and litigation surrounding blood has ended in the main protracted criminal and administrative clash in glossy Danish historical past. Blood Feuds brings jointly chapters at the studies of the U.S., Japan, France, Canada, Germany, Denmark, Italy, and Australia with 4 comparative essays that make clear the cultural, institutional, and financial dimensions of the HIV/blood disaster.
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Extra resources for Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster
These were the sentinel cases of an iatrogenic catastrophe that would affect the lives of thousands of blood transfusion recipients and hemophiliacs dependent on factor VIII concentrate for the treatment of their disorder. And although the numbers affected would be relatively small compared to the hundreds of thousands who would become infected through sexual contact and intravenous drug use, the plight of those infected through blood would, because of its implications for the vulnerability of all Americans, take on special significance.
The art of healing frequently calls for a balancing of risks and dangers to a patient. "58 Table 1-1. AIDS cases among hemophiliacs and blood transfusion recipients, by year of diagnosis 198J J982 1983 1984 J985 Adults Transfusion Hemophilia 2 2 13 7 50 18 122 59 Children Transfusion Hemophilia 2 0 5 2 9 3 Total 6 27 80 J986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 297 120 513 184 812 283 884 364 867 337 752 354 776 404 746 467 683 459 438 7294 3496 18 4 47 12 33 23 46 31 43 31 38 36 31 33 24 28 27 10 26 11 16 5 365 229 203 476 753 1172 1322 1278 1170 1232 1250 1179 1236 11384 Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, unpublished data.
Joseph Bove testified before the Congress that the risk of AIDS, if such a risk existed, was very small. "31 This was an extraordinarily remote risk when compared to more commonly encountered, and readily endured, social and medical hazards. "32 But such efforts at risk minimization did not allay the fears of an increasingly anxious public. Perhaps the most significant indication of erosion in the faith in the safety of the blood supply, and an expression of the lack of credibility with which the spokespersons for the blood banking system were regarded, was the frequency with which those in need of blood insisted not only on the right to bank their own blood for use but on the right to designate friends and family whose blood they would rely on for transfusions.
Blood Feuds: Aids, Blood, and the Politics of Medical Disaster by Eric Feldman, Ronald Bayer