Read e-book online Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion (The Human PDF

By Kara Rogers

ISBN-10: 1615301011

ISBN-13: 9781615301010

ISBN-10: 1615302492

ISBN-13: 9781615302499

The seeming simplicity of day by day stream can belie the complexity of the buildings that facilitate movement. greater than only a framework round which the physique develops, the human skeleton has developed through the years to permit people to stroll and stand upright. muscle tissues likewise practice a number capabilities, with no which the physique couldn't deal with. This entire publication info the anatomy and mechanisms that let bones and muscle groups to function certainly and examines the results of disorder and harm on those basic elements of the human physique.

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Additional resources for Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion (The Human Body)

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In addition to the gross morphology of bones, there also exists numerous microscopic phenomena, including different types of cells and cellular arrangements. 47 7 Bone and Muscle 7 Investigation into the microscopic properties of bone has improved the scientific understanding of how bone forms and has revealed valuable information for medicine. Compact Bone Compact bone, which is also called cortical bone, is dense and has a bony matrix that is solidly filled with organic ground substance and inorganic salts, leaving only tiny spaces (lacunae) that contain the osteocytes, or bone cells.

Third, and finally, the assumption of an upright posture has brought the distal portions of the hind, now lower, extremities back into the role of feet, while those of the front, now upper, extremities have developed remarkable manipulative powers and are called hands. In humans the metatarsal bones, those of the foot proper, are larger than the corresponding bones of the hands, the metacarpal bones. The tarsals and metatarsals form the arches of the foot, which give it strength and enable it to act as a lever.

Cancellous bone makes up about 20 percent of the human skeleton, providing structural support and flexibility without the weight of compact bone. It is found in most areas of bone that are not subject to great mechanical stress. It makes up much of the enlarged ends (epiphyses) of the long bones and is the major component of the ribs, the shoulder blades, the flat bones of the skull, and a variety of short, flat bones elsewhere in the skeleton. The open structure of cancellous bone enables it to dampen sudden stresses, as in load transmission through the joints.

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Bone and Muscle: Structure, Force, and Motion (The Human Body) by Kara Rogers


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