By Victor Golla
Nowhere was once the linguistic variety of the hot global extra severe than in California, the place a unprecedented number of village-dwelling peoples spoke seventy-eight at the same time unintelligible languages. This entire illustrated instruction manual, an immense synthesis of greater than one hundred fifty years of documentation and research, experiences what we now learn about California's indigenous languages. Victor Golla outlines the fundamental structural gains of greater than dozen language forms, and cites all of the significant resources, either released and unpublished, for the documentation of those languages--from the earliest vocabularies accrued by means of explorers and missionaries, to the knowledge collected throughout the twentieth-century by means of Alfred Kroeber and his colleagues, and to the intense paintings of John P. Harrington and C. Hart Merriam. Golla additionally devotes chapters to the function of language in reconstructing prehistory, and to the intertwining of the language and tradition in pre-contact California societies, making this paintings, the 1st of its style, a vital reference on California's extraordinary Indian languages.
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Tlaxpil Tuxusqui (1884:345-347). The tender (little) girl. The cord. Tarcom [Torcom] *From the translation in Priestley (1937:80-83), which is based on a transcript in the archives of the Museo Nacional in Mexico City. The original manuscript is in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville. The forms printed in brackets are the variants that appear in Ternaux-Compans's earlier publication of the Seville manuscript The sisters. The salt. Tepu The march. Mil [omitted] The shoes. The reed tray. Tassiqueu [Tavique, sister] The star.
Arroyo de la Cuesta. ("Copied by Mr. Buckingham Smith from the writing of Padre Aroyo [sic]. Mr. Smith says it is the dialect of San Jean [sic] Bautista. ") *6. Santa Clara [Costanoan]. Gregory Mengarini. (Mengarini 1860) *7. Santa Cruz [Costanoan]. Juan Comelias. (Comelias 1860) 8. Chum-te'-ya [SierraMiwok]. AlbertS. Gatschet. New York, 1877. ("From Charles Manning, a Miwok [Chumteya band], who was stopping in New York, March, 1877. ") *9. Kaweya. ("Collected by 'T. H. ' in the vicinity of Four Creeks, California, and published in the San Francisco Wide West, July, 1856, and reprinted in Taylor's California Fmmer.
For exam (X e, Greek chi (X) to represent a vel. ar fi:i cati ve or French c -cedilla ( ~) to represent a voiceless lateral fricative-and attempted to cdlect information on grammatical structure in addition to vocabulary lists. Hale's companion during his brief visit to California at the end of 1841 was Count Eugene Duflot de Mofi:as. Born in 1810, Duflot de Mofras was a cultivated French diP, omat who, while still a young man, had acquired a considerable reputation as an expert on Spain and its former colonial empire in the New World.
California Indian Languages by Victor Golla