By Kevin Gould
Reading Catholic activism within the south-west of France in the course of the center a long time of the 16th century, this booklet argues - opposite to winning perspectives - that the phenomenon used to be either frequent and militant even ahead of the formation of the Catholic League in 1576. while contemporary learn has supplied a better knowing of the Huguenot fight for defense and legitimacy, there has now not been a correspondingly thorough research into the grass-roots Catholic response to this, and by way of disregarding episodes of pre-League Catholic militancy as constrained and ephemeral, a distorted photograph of French confessional clash and competition is painted. employing surviving fabric from the provincial information at Bordeaux, Toulouse, Agen, and on the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris, this booklet presents abundant facts for putting the beginning of Catholic activism within the interval previous the Wars of faith, highlighting the confessional tensions that exploded in the course of the 1540s and 1550s. As competing bands of non secular fans, and municipal and court docket officers, fought first with phrases, then with guns, for supremacy of the group within the cities of the south-west, a gradual escalation of disagreement might be traced. inside of this surroundings of emerging stress, it really is proven how Catholic militancy reflected the organisational and fund-raising capability in their Protestant opponents, and the way the neighborhood army elite rose to help their co-religionists on the outbreak of formal hostilities in 1562. The ascendancy of Catholic militants in key city centres by way of 1570 could deal a deadly blow to Protestant plans for supremacy of the south-west.
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Extra info for Catholic Activism in South-West France, 1540–1570 (St. Andrew's Studies in Reformation History)
Tensions between militants and moderates heightened once more in late 1561 over what to do about the increasing levels of violence within Bordeaux. With Burie still hamstrung by insufficient resources, the parlement decided to take the lead in organizing security for the town. 14 See Powis, The Magistrates of the Parlement of Bordeaux, p. 107. Julian, Histoire de Bordeaux, esp. Chapter 12. 10 Tamizey de Larroque, ‘Jean Lange, conseiller’, p. 687. 11 Malvin frequently represented Catholic plaintiffs before the court, on occasion giving evidence in person to support their defence.
70 Gaullieur, Histoire du collège de Guyenne, p. 260. 71 BMB, ms 369, II, fo. 269. 72 ADG, 1B 226, Arrêt du parlement (20 February 1561), fo. 274. 73 ADG, 1B 227, Arrêt du parlement (26 March 1561), fo. 363. 74 BMB, ms 369, II, fo. 273. 75 There were many who argued, though, and with some justification, that the deputation sent to examine the Catholic claims constituted a fait accompli, in that each of the four deputies assigned – Roffignac, Béraud, Baulon, and Monein – was known to be zealous in his adherence to orthodoxy.
13 AMB, ms 768, fos 229–31. 14 AMB, ms 767, fos 886–91; BMB, ms 369, II, fo. 331. 8 9 THE BORDEAUX SYNDICATE 37 Throughout this period, relations between Burie and the militants were not helped by the rising number of complaints from Catholic victims of Protestant violence across the Bordelais, many aggrieved at the inability of the lieutenant du roi to secure the hinterland. 15 While neither Catholic nor Protestant communities expected this ad hoc expedient to be effective, the initial results seemed promising.
Catholic Activism in South-West France, 1540–1570 (St. Andrew's Studies in Reformation History) by Kevin Gould