Download e-book for iPad: CGI programming on the World Wide Web by Shishir Gundavaram

By Shishir Gundavaram

ISBN-10: 1565921682

ISBN-13: 9781565921689

The realm huge internet is greater than a spot to place up smart records and lovely photos. utilizing the typical Gateway Interface (CGI), you could supply interactive queries and serve quick details from databases, labored up into colourful snap shots. This booklet deals a finished rationalization of CGI and comparable innovations for those that carry directly to the dream of supplying their very own details servers on the net. the writer starts off before everything, explaining the price of CGI and the way it really works, then strikes quickly into the delicate information of programming. nearly all of examples use the commonest platform (UNIX) and the preferred language (Perl) used for CGI programming this present day. in spite of the fact that, the publication additionally introduces the necessities of making CGI paintings with different systems and languages.

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It is not displayed by the browser, but is used to label the data when transferred to the CGI program. For example, the first input field has a NAME="user" attribute. If someone types "andy" into the first input field, then part of the data sent by the browser will read: user=andy The CGI program can later retrieve this information (as we talked about briefly in Chapter 2, Input to the Common Gateway Interface, and will discuss in more detail later in this chapter) and parse it as needed. The optional VALUE attribute can be used to insert an initial "default" value into the field.

The eighth element of this array (index number 7, because arrays are zero-based in Perl) represents the size of the file in bytes. The remainder of the script follows: print ; } else { print "Content-type: text/plain", "\n\n"; print "Sorry! ", "\n"; } exit (0); As is the case with binary files, one read on the file handle will retrieve the entire file. Compare that to text files where one read will return only a single line. As a result, this example is fine when dealing with small graphic files, but is not very efficient with larger files.

Usr/local/bin/perl print "Content-type: text/plain", "\n"; print "Status: 204 No Response", "\n\n"; print "You should not see this message. ", "\n"; exit (0); The "no response" status code can be used when dealing with forms or imagemaps. For example, if the user enters an invalid value in one of the fields in a form or clicks in an unassigned section of an imagemap, you can return this status code to instruct the client to not load a new page. 8 Complete (Non-Parsed) Headers Thus far, we've only seen examples with partial HTTP headers.

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CGI programming on the World Wide Web by Shishir Gundavaram


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