By Tony Saich
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Additional resources for China: Politics and Government
The movement was opposed by those sections of the leadership favouring a more orderly and limited form of criticism. For a while, the campaign was shelved or at least scaled down. 8 Mao used the campaign to challenge the Party leadership which was at that time at odds with his economic policies. The speech invited intellectuals to raise criticisms and suggested that the Party was not above criticism from those outside it. Such criticism, Mao suggested, could help prevent the leaders from becoming divorced from the led.
21 The Third plenum of the Eleventh CC (December 1978) posthumously rehabilitated Peng and an article by Lu Dingyi in March 1979 moved closer to denouncing Mao by name for his role at the Lushan plenum. Lu accused the plenum of committing a leftist error by attacking Peng's 'correet ideas' rather than dealing with the plenum's original objective to investigate shortcomings in the Party's work. According to Lu, this leftist error developed into a line which was not rectified until the Gang of Four were arrested in October 1976.
Not surprisingly the majority of these new recruits were not weIl versed in the tenets of marxism-Ieninism. Also, there were problems with some of the veteran Party members who were deemed incapable of applying marxism-Ieninism correctly. It became elear that if the CCP was to remain a coherent, fighting unit a certain degree of ideological orthodoxy was necessary. To build a unified Party out of these heterodox elements a rectification (zhengfeng) campaign was launched (1942-4); the methods used stilliie at the heart of Chinese politics.
China: Politics and Government by Tony Saich