By Stephen Castles
Globalization creates new demanding situations for citizenship: barriers are blurred and state country powers eroded. thousands of individuals have a number of citizenship, hundreds of thousands extra lack citizenship in their kingdom of place of dwelling. Cultural heterogeneity is escalating. There are expanding numbers of voters who don't belong. This undermines the kingdom country because the vital website of democracy. New techniques are wanted, which take account of advanced identities and transnational belonging, and which permit for democratic keep an eye on of energy in any respect its proliferating degrees.
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Extra resources for Citizenship and Migration
4 Conceding the relativity of democracy, what are the parameters of the concept? Some definitions have stood the test of time. "5 In power terms, democracy is a political system in which political power is widely shared in the sense that citizens have ready access to positions of decision making. Such access has two meanings: the citizen's ability to contact decision makers to attempt to influence their decisions and the citizen's capability to stand for (compete for in an election) decision-making positions.
S. Rally," 31 May 1991, A10. CHAPTER 2 The Importance of Political Definitions Before reviewing and analyzing the record of the TGE, it is important to establish some semantic guidelines—to give definitions to significant words and phrases used in the Ethiopian political lexicon. Throughout the transition period, such terms as "democracy," "democratization," "authoritarianism," and "ideology" were bandied about without giving them meaningful explanations. "3 The four sections that follow will use the terminology of contemporary political science to bring a sharper, if not incisive, definition to key terms and phrases needed to understand the TGE's professed efforts at democratization.
Przeworski, 14. 34. Held, 224. 35. David F. Gordon, "On Promoting Democracy in Africa: The International Dimension," in Democracy in Africa: the Hard Road Ahead ed. Marina Ottaway, (Boulder, CO: L. Rienner, 1997), 156. The Importance of Political Definitions 21 36. Held, 223. 37. John B. Thompson, "Ideology," in The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World ed. Joel Krieger, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 409-410. 38. , Worku Aberra, "Ethnicism: The Ideology of a Worari State," Ethiopian Register 4 (June 1997): 24.
Citizenship and Migration by Stephen Castles