By Angharad E. Beckett (auth.)
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Extra info for Citizenship and Vulnerability: Disability and Issues of Social and Political Engagement
Rawls,  1998: 54) Having said this, however, Rawls then faces the problem of how such diverse goals could be attained through co-operation and yet still beneﬁt all. To solve this problem Rawls employs a somewhat abstract political theory of democratic citizenship in which ‘political justice’ is the desired goal. To begin with, Rawls hypothesizes a situation in which people have to assume a ‘veil of ignorance’ in which they must not know the true nature of their position in the inherently unequal society.
To Delanty’s and Lister’s challenges to Marshall’s theory can also be added the argument put forward by Offe (1984), that Marshall’s ‘social rights’ of citizenship, as they are embodied within the welfare state for example, have acted to buy off dissent and as a form of crisis management for capitalism. Whether this is a correct interpretation of the intentions underpinning the welfare state is unclear. It would certainly seem that the welfare state has not alleviated inequalities to the extent that Marshall may have envisaged.
1) has commented from a philosophical perspective: The typical noninstrumentalist position, by contrast, would be that for the action in the conclusion to be one it is rational for the agent to perform, it must serve an objective it is rational for the agent to pursue (…) As will be discussed at some length later within this chapter and in Chapter 6, understanding the nature of contested citizenship is key to understanding the nature of citizen participation. Modern/social-liberal theories of citizenship Rawls Since the publication of his work entitled A Theory of Justice in 1971, John Rawls’ ideas have inspired many subsequent theorists, whether they are sympathetic towards, or critical of his theories.
Citizenship and Vulnerability: Disability and Issues of Social and Political Engagement by Angharad E. Beckett (auth.)