By Fernand Braudel
The 1st quantity during this fantastically illustrated and hugely acclaimed financial and social background of the area from the center a long time to the commercial Revolution covers the richness and complexity of lifestyle - foodstuff, drink, gown, housing, funds, the improvement of cities - with the means of a pointilliste.
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Additional resources for Civilization and Capitalism, Volume 1: 15th-18th Century
Without Africa it could not have developed the New World for many reasons, notably the climate, but also because it could not divert too much manpower from its own labour force. Contemporaries probably exaggerate easily, but the effects of emigration must have been felt on Sevillian life for Andrea Navagero to have said in 1 526: 'So many people have left for the Indies that the town [Seville] is scarcely populated and almost in the hands of women . ]. Beloch followed a similar line of thought when he tried to make a fair assessment of seventeenth-century Europe divided between the three great pow ers who contested it; the O ttoman empire, the Spanish empire, and France under Louis XIII and Richelieu.
54 These coefficients of I to 5 or I to I2, with all the values in between, are not magic numbers that explain everything especially since they refer to realities which are not exactly the same. Mankind today cannot be described as mankind in I300 or I350 multiplied by twelve, even from a purely biological point of view, because the age pyramids are not the same - far from it. However, a comparison of the overall figures alone can open some perspectives for us. Towns, armies arid navies By present-day standards then, the towns the historian discovers in his j ourneys back into pre-nineteenth-century times are small; and the armies miniature.
There is nothing in fact on non-Chinese Asia, outside Japan. There is nothing on Oceania, only skimmed by European travellers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries : Tasman reached New Zealand in May 1642 and Tasmania, the island to which he gave his name, in December of the same year; Cook reached Australia a century later, in 1 769 and 178 3 ; and Bougainville arrived at Tahiti, the New Cythera (which, by the way, he did not discover) in April 1768 . In any case, is there really any need to discuss these thinly inhabited areas ?
Civilization and Capitalism, Volume 1: 15th-18th Century by Fernand Braudel