By Gregory D. Cramer, Susan A. Darby
With its particular medical viewpoint and evidence-based insurance, scientific Anatomy of the backbone, Spinal twine, and ANS is the definitive reference for making use of anatomic issues to the review and administration of stipulations of the backbone and linked neural buildings, together with spinal impingement and subluxation. top of the range colour illustrations and pictures, in addition to ample radiographs, CT, and MRI pictures, visually display particular anatomic and neuromusculoskeletal relationships and spotlight buildings that could be tormented by guide and surgical spinal recommendations or different diagnostic and healing methods.
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Additional resources for Clinical Anatomy of the Spine, Spinal Cord, and ANS
The transverse processes project laterally from the junction of the pedicle and lamina (pediculolaminar junction) (see Fig. 2-3). Like the spinous processes, their exact direction varies considerably from one region of the spine to the next. The transverse processes of typical cervical vertebrae project obliquely anteriorly between the sagittal and coronal planes and are located anterior to the articular processes and lateral to the pedicles. The left and right cervical transverse processes are separated from those of the vertebrae above and below by successive intervertebral foramina.
2-3) projects posteriorly and often inferiorly from the laminae. The size, shape, and direction of this process vary greatly from one region of the vertebral column to the next (see individual regions). A spinous process also may normally deviate to the left or right of the midline, and this can be a source of confusion in clinical practice. Therefore a deviated spinous process seen on x-ray film or palpated during a physical examination frequently is not associated with a fracture of the spinous process or a malposition of the entire vertebra.
27 PART ONE Characteristics of the Spine and Spinal Cord Intervertebral disc Superior articular process Zygapophysial joint space Inferior articular process C Intervertebral disc Superior articular process Zygapophysial joint space Inferior articular process D FIG. 2-6, cont’d C, Horizontal computed tomography (CT) showing lumbar Z joints. D, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan through the left and right Z joints of typical lumbar vertebrae. (Images courtesy Dr. ) 28 Chapter 2 – General Characteristics of the Spine Clinical Anatomy of the Spine, Spinal Cord, and ANS Spinal nerve Posterior primary division (dorsal ramus) Anterior primary division (ventral ramus) Lateral branch of PPD Medial branch of PPD Ascending branch Descending branch FIG.
Clinical Anatomy of the Spine, Spinal Cord, and ANS by Gregory D. Cramer, Susan A. Darby