Приведены технические и конструктивные характеристики КМОП интегральных микросхем.
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Lead-free Electronics offers counsel at the layout and use of lead-free electronics in addition to technical and legislative views. all of the advanced demanding situations confronting the elec-tronics are skillfully addressed:
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“Wireless is coming” was once the message acquired by means of VLSI designers within the early 1990’s. They believed it. yet they by no means imagined that the instant wave will be coming with such depth and velocity. this day the most demanding parts for VLSI designers is VLSI circuit and approach layout for instant functions.
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Stowell  suggested that an organization seeks to establish and maintain a state of continuous improvement by focusing on customer satisfaction and loyalty, striving for world-class status in its core practices, and responding quickly to change and opportunity. Six best business practices that are necessary parts of a continuous improvement culture are: 0 0 0 0 0 managing for change listening to customers focusing on process using teams practicing an open organization culture and applying technology These practices hold true for any continuous improvement strategy, including one that focuses on environmental issues.
Corporate environmental consciousness” was a common thread found among the Japanese manufacturers. The group credited companies with adopting a position that lead-free solder was the technology of choice. The notion that the change to lead-free solder would be too costly was replaced with the desire to make lead-free solder use cost effective . The Silicon Valley Toxic Coalition (SVTC) has begun issuing an annual Environmental Report Card that assesses the quantity and quality of environmental information provided by high-tech companies on their web sites.
69 mg/l for semiconductor and printed wiring board operations. 72 mg/l . In 2000, the EPA revised the 1991 “Lead and Copper Rule,” which specifies water system requirements for operators and states. 1% lead . National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (NPDWR) are legally enforceable and apply to public water systems. 015 mg/L. 015 mg/L of lead, water suppliers must take additional steps to remove the contaminant . The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) was passed in 1976, and the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments were added in 1984.
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