By Nelson; Prilleltensky
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Extra info for Community Psychology
In 1981 , 64% of the population had incomes of less than a dollar a day, but by 2001, 17% ofthe population lived on less than a dollar a day. Thus, in only 20 years, poverty was dramatically reduced in China. Sachs documented similar but less extensive reductions in poverty in India during the same period that resulted from market based changes. In spite of these positive impacts of globalization noted by Stiglitz and Sachs, globalization also has a dark side. Por example, the World Bank and the Inter national Monetary Fund (IMF) have pushed for an agenda that does not take into account the needs of the people in developing nations.
Support and socialization. Many community psychologists, like Canadian community psychologist Ben Gottlieb, have contributed greatly to the development of the concept of social support, research on social support . and the development of social support interventions (Gottlieb, 1981; Cohen, Underwood & Gottlieb, 2000). As an alternative or complement to professional treatment, community psychologists have helped to conceptualize, design and evaluare individual-leve! support interventions, using non-profcssional and vol unteer helpers.
In shifting away from clinical psychology, early commu nity psychologists recognized that distressed individuals need more than caring and compassionate therapists; they need caring and compassionatc relationships and communities. At the leve! of the individual, the concept of social support highlights the importance of relationships and the different types of support that stem from supportive relationships, including emotional support, guidance, tan gible and financia! support and socialization.
Community Psychology by Nelson; Prilleltensky