By Steven L. Hoenig
Highly deadly chemical compounds could be the new guns of selection between terrorist teams during the international. this can be a grave problem for all First Responders and Emergency administration team of workers. This ebook furnishes the severe info to accommodate this possibility and offers the entire precious info that First Responders, Hospitals, HazMat groups, hearth and Rescue providers, and different First Responders want to know while facing risky chemical agents.
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Extra resources for Compendium of chemical warfare agents
It produces toxic eye effects more rapidly than does HD. Rate of action Skin effects delayed 12 h or longer. Overexposure effects HN-2 is highly irritating to the eyes and throat; in highconcentrations it can cause blindness. Absorbed into the bloodstream it will seriously interfere with the functioningof hemoglobin and will eventually damage the endocrinesystem. HN-2 is a vesicant (blister agent) and alkylating agent producing cytotoxic action on the hematopoietic (blood-forming) tissues which are especially sensitive.
Rate of hydrolysis Very slow in H2O at pH 7; 5% decomposition in 6 days at room temperature; reacts violently in alkaline solution. Stability Unstable in metal; store in glass or enamel-lined storage vessels. Storage stability Extremely unstable in presence of trace metals or other impurities. Traces of iron chloride may cause explosive decomposition. Pure material is stable for only 1 or 2 months. It may be stabilized by nitromethane, chloropicrin, glycine, ethyl acetate, or ether – but only in glass vessels below 20˚C.
Stability Stable Storage stability Not stable in uncoated containers. Metals catalyze decomposition of SA. Reacts slowly with copper, brass, and nickel. Contact with other metals may also decompose it. Decomposition Hydrogen, arsenic and arsenic trioxide at about 232˚C. Polymerization Does not occur. Toxicity LD50 (skin) No data available LCt50 (respiratory) 5,000 mg-min/m3 (it is estimated that 2 mg of SA per kilogram of body weight would be lethal to humans). LCt50 (percutaneous) No data available ICt50 (respiratory) 2,500 mg-min/m3 ICt50 (percutaneous) No data available Rate of detoxification Not rapid enough to be of importance Skin and eye toxicity None Rate of action Effects are delayed from 2 h to as much as 11 days.
Compendium of chemical warfare agents by Steven L. Hoenig