By Craig N. Mills, Maria T. Potenza, John J. Fremer, William C. Ward
Even if computer-based exams (CBT) were administered for a few years, advancements within the pace and gear of pcs coupled with savings of their fee have made large-scale machine supply of assessments more and more possible. CBT is now a typical type of attempt supply for licensure, certification, and admissions assessments. Many large-scale, high-stakes trying out courses have brought CBT both as an alternative or because the sole technique of attempt supply. even though this move to CBT has, to an exceptional volume, been winning, it has no longer been effortlessly. Advances in psychometrics are required to make sure that those that depend on try effects could have a minimum of a similar self assurance in CBTs as they've got in conventional sorts of review. This quantity stems from an ETS-sponsored colloquium within which greater than two hundred size execs from 8 nations and 29 states convened to evaluate the present and destiny prestige of CBT. The formal time table for the colloquium was once divided into 3 significant segments: try versions, attempt management, and try research and Scoring. each one phase consisted of a number of shows through reviews from famous psychometricians and a break-out consultation within which presenters and discussants pointed out very important matters and confirmed priorities for a CBT learn schedule. This quantity comprises the papers awarded on the colloquium, the discussant comments in accordance with these papers, and the study schedule that used to be generated from the break-out periods. Computer-Based checking out: development the basis for destiny checks is needs to analyzing for pros, students, and complicated scholars operating within the checking out box, in addition to humans within the info expertise box who've an curiosity in trying out.
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Additional resources for Computer-Based Testing: Building the Foundation for Future Assessments
1984). Effects of self-study for coachable test item types. Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 266-278. Stocking, M. , & Swanson, L. (1993). A method for severely constrained item selection in adaptive testing. Applied Psychological Measurement, 17, 277-292. Strieker, L. J. (1984). Test disclosure and retest performance on the SAT. Applied Psycholog ical Measurement, 8, 81-87. This page intentionally left blank i TEST MODELS William C. Ward Educational Testing Service In traditional paper-and-pencil testing, with its fixed forms and simple un weighted scoring, we may not think much about the practices that are followed in creating and administering a test, or what views of the do main and of individual competence are implicit in these choices.
Another set of items that was administered to a specific examinee who obtained a score at near the 50th percentile and a set administered to a student at approximately the 25th percentile could also be included. With Periodic Form test disclosure it is possible to verify the scoring of selected sequences of items that were actually administered. This advan tage, as well as providing real examples of testing, may well provide a worthwhile benefit to the public. For most testing efforts, this form of test disclosure would not compromise the validity of the test by revealing an excessive number of items.
A range of disclosure options is described in the following section; these options are analyzed in terms of the extent to which they accomplish the objectives of test disclosure and could be im plemented by test publishers. A brief section on research issues follows and this report concludes with a discussion of the main issues, dilem mas, and conclusions. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY Test disclosure legislation was initially enacted in California in 1978. However, the first legislation that required full and immediate disclosure of postsecondary admissions tests was enacted in 1979 in New York State.
Computer-Based Testing: Building the Foundation for Future Assessments by Craig N. Mills, Maria T. Potenza, John J. Fremer, William C. Ward