By Anne Thomson
I actually desired to like this booklet on moral reasoning. It easily does not hook up with the reader - probably it is the British method, yet there is little sensible connection of the real thought of ethics to daily life. maybe different graduate-level textbooks on ethics aren't any larger, i would not comprehend. yet after interpreting of Thomson's books, i'd say there must be.
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Therefore smoking in public places should be banned. Those who disagree with the conclusion of this argument are not likely to say that causing harm to others is not a moral consideration. They are more likely to dispute the evidence that passive smoking causes cancer; or to disagree with the assumption that if people smoke in public places, passive smoking is inevitable; or to claim that the restriction of smokers’ liberty is a greater harm than putting others at risk from passive smoking. Our examination of the two supposed problems for moral arguments – the fact/value distinction and the is/ought gap – has shown that they are not obstacles to the assessment of moral reasoning.
If specialised knowledge is involved, is the person an expert in the relevant field? If eye-witness testimony is crucial, was the person in a position to see clearly what was happening? Are there any factors which might influence the person’s judgement? Our judgements may be less reliable if we are under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or if we are suffering from stress, or if we are distracted by other events. Often we can get information about the same topic from a number of different sources.
Couples could suddenly find that against their wishes someone else was bearing and bringing up the brother or sister of their own children. That wasn’t something they were warned about when they first agreed to fertility treatment. Nor is it something they should be forced to deal with and adjust to now. (Leading article, Independent, 24 July 1996) 7 A small frisson of unease swept through the pro-abortion lobbies yesterday. Was it possible, as a last desperate gesture, clutching at straws, that the Conservative Party might come out for a tightening of the abortion law?
Critical Reasoning in Ethics: A Practical Introduction by Anne Thomson