By Mark Alfano
Virtue is without doubt one of the such a lot venerable options in philosophy, and has lately visible a tremendous revival. in spite of the fact that, new demanding situations to conceptions of advantage have additionally arisen. In Current Controversies in advantage Theory, 5 pairs of state of the art philosophers sq. off over significant subject matters in advantage idea: the character of advantage, the relationship among advantage and flourishing, the relationship among ethical and epistemic virtues, the best way virtues are received, and the potential of reaching advantage. Mark Alfano publications his readers via those essays (all released right here for the 1st time), with an artificial advent, succinct abstracts of every debate, steered extra readings and examine questions for every controversy, and a listing of extra controversies to be explored.
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For further exploration of this concept of virtue, see (Battaly forthcoming, Chapter 3). 8. Battaly (2001). 9. Driver’s view is an outlier. 10. Sosa thinks that demon-victims have intellectual virtues relative to the ordinary world, but not relative to their demon-world. 11. I am grateful to Mark Alfano for comments on an earlier draft. I am deeply grateful to Liezl van Zyl for her response, and for helping me think through these matters. 34 • Heather Battaly and Liezl van Zyl 12. As Battaly shows, there are important differences between the teleological and nonteleological versions of VGE.
It allows any combination of (1)–(4) to be necessary. Something similar is true of our concept of sport. We all agree that, football (soccer in the United States), is a sport. After all, it is: (i) competitive; (ii) organized; (iii) entertaining; and involves (iv) teamwork and (v) physical skill. But what about golfing, running with a local club, or chess, each of which lacks some of (i)–(v)? Are they sports? Here, we are likely to disagree, depending on which of conditions (i)–(v) each of us favors.
She notes that VGE is supported by two intuitions: 1. Things like true beliefs and well-being matter, and there is something excellent about any quality that produces such goods. 2. Luck in our environment is enough to render us virtuous or vicious. We can have virtue without being praiseworthy, and vice without being blameworthy. VGM, in turn, is supported by a different set of intuitions: 3. Motives and attitudes are important because they tell us who we are as people and what we care about. 4.
Current Controversies in Virtue Theory by Mark Alfano