By Giovanni Capoccia
How does a democracy take care of threats to its balance and persisted lifestyles while these threats come from political events that play the democratic video game? In protecting Democracy, political scientist Giovanni Capoccia reviews key eu international locations among international Wars I and II which survived such democratic crises.A accomplished and considerate ancient research of the democracies of interwar Europe, protecting Democracy offers a distinct standpoint at the many classes to be discovered from their successes and screw ups. With this solely empirical investigative method, Capoccia develops a technique for examining modern democracies -- similar to Algeria, Turkey, Israel, and others -- the place comparable political stipulations are current. Given the increase of terrorism and the endurance of extremism in either proven and new democracies at the present time, persisted study and discussion at the safety of democracy are helpful for its renovation.
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Additional resources for Defending Democracy: Reactions to Extremism in Interwar Europe
5 percent of the seats in the period analyzed here. More serious were the challenges coming from Rex and the VNV, in no small part because, despite the di√erences between them, their respective leaders formed an agreement in 1937, when the two parties were at the peak of their success. The VNV was established in 1933 under the leadership of Staf de Clercq, who uniﬁed all Flemish organizations, which, whether strong, like the old Frontpartij, or weak, like the many regional and local groups, had always operated separately.
It supported a corporatist order in order to achieve ‘‘class solidarity’’ based on traditional Catholic values (Étienne 1968, 73-74; Colignon 1994). Where Rex showed its ideologically antisystem tendencies more clearly was in the more genuinely political part of the program. The Rexist view was that political parties had sown national discord and should be destroyed since they were dominated by corrupt politicians, themselves lorded over by an anonymous oligarchy. Both politicians and oligarchs, according to Rex, were to blame for the numerous politico-ﬁnancial scandals that riddled the country during the 1930s.
Such transfer is all the more likely in the convulsive politics that normally accompany a regime crisis such as in the cases under analysis here. The government pivots on a center-based coalition, sometimes with limited rotation of minor partners over time, but virtually always within the range of the dotted line identifying the governmental area. In a crisis situation, in which one extreme party increases its votes and/or is expected to increase them substantially in the near future at the expense of the spatially adjacent border party, the border party in question may, in its decision either to cooperate with the political center or defect from it, hold the key to the regime’s very capacity to react to the challenge.
Defending Democracy: Reactions to Extremism in Interwar Europe by Giovanni Capoccia