By Joseph Liow, Michael Leifer
The Dictionary of the fashionable Politics of South-East Asia offers accomplished assurance of the political historical past of this significant quarter because the finish of the second one global War.
Over four hundred alphabetically-organized entries disguise Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia (Kampuchia), Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. person entries supply precise details and authoritative observation for the significant figures, political events and businesses, political platforms and constructions, significant occasions, and key files, together with constitutions and treaties, of the area, in addition to clarifying the terminology - acronyms, abbreviations and non-English phrases - in use. also, for every kingdom lined, a longer narrative analyses its fresh heritage and political and social development.
Extensive cross-referencing and a topic index support the reader to the necessary fabric and topic bibliographies refer the researcher to resource and secondary matter.
The Dictionary should be of huge normal use within the fields of politics, sleek background, economics, diplomacy, strategic stories, political geography, sector stories and improvement.
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Extra info for Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia
As that political dominance has become more entrenched under the leadership of the prime minister, Dr Mahathir Mohamad since 1981, intra-Malay contention has become more evident. Successful economic development with diversification into export-led growth in manufactures in addition to plantation agriculture and extractive industry, including oil and natural gas, has provided a strong material base for political stability in a plural society. Such stability has been enforced also by authoritarian government which has curbed the role of independent institutions in providing those political checks and balances associated with parliamentary democracy.
More successful was the cooption of non-Malay parties, including those from the northern Borneo states. When Dr Mahathir became Malaysia’s fourth prime minister in July 1981, he decided to reinforce UMNO’s Islamic identity in order to overcome its political vulnerability because of its close cooperation with non-Malay parties. That policy was expressed more in form than in substance. It proved effective, however, for example, through his cooption of Anwar Ibrahim, a one-time radical Islamic youth leader, who rose rapidly through ministerial ranks to become deputy prime minister by the end of 1993.
Second, she was opposed by the Communist Party of the Philippines, which had made great strides as a result of Marcos’s years of misrule. Its leadership, which miscalculated popular support for a return to constitutional government, also felt cheated by Mrs Aquino’s political success and sought to sustain a military challenge in the rural areas where poverty was most acute. Finally, she had to contend with rumbling Muslim rebellion in the southern islands which had been precipitated by the declaration of martial law in 1972.
Dictionary of the Modern Politics of Southeast Asia by Joseph Liow, Michael Leifer