By Matthew J. Goff
Discerning knowledge offers an outline of the entire Qumran knowledge texts. The useless Sea Scrolls supply the most important proof for figuring out the knowledge of the overdue moment Temple interval and the reception of conventional knowledge in Early Judaism.
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Additional info for Discerning Wisdom: The Sapiential Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum)
S e e F. Schmidt, "Ancient Jewish A s t r o l o g y : A n Attempt to Interpret 4QCryptic ( 4 Q 1 8 6 ) , " in Biblical Perspectives: Early Use and Interpretation of the Bible in Light of the Dead Sea Scrolls (ed. M . E . G. C h a z o n ; STDJ 2 8 ; Leiden: Brill, 1 9 9 8 ) 1 8 9 - 2 0 5 . 4 Q 4 1 6 2 iii 2 0 m a y express the s a m e idea: "you h a v e taken a w i f e in your poverty; take [ n J - ^ i D " (cf. 4 Q 4 1 8 2 0 2 1). " T h u s the line is about the w i f e bearing children. W o l d , Women, Men and Angels, 9 4 - 9 5 , argues that instead [nJ-nS-iD refers to her "origins," that is, the "birth-times" o f the wife.
2). But W o l d d i s m i s s e s the "foundation" reading t o o readily. It is not just a matter o f c h o o s i n g b e t w e e n rrarK and rrariK. The issue is the creation t h e o l o g y o f 4QInstruction. 4 Q 4 1 7 1 i 8-9 is a crucial text for understanding this theme. The raz nihyeh is integral t o the presentation o f the natural order in 4QInstruction. The gender-oriented reading o f these lines should not b e presented as alternative to o n e rooted in creation t h e o l o g y . It d o e s not make s e n s e to say that the creation o f w o m a n k i n d is associated with the mystery that is to be but the creation o f the world is not.
Semantically there is not a major difference b e t w e e n understanding this word as a verb or a noun. Collins, "In the Likeness o f the H o l y Ones," 6 1 3 , 6 1 5 ; DJD 34, 166. There m a y be a parallel in 4 Q 3 0 1 . 4 Q 3 0 1 2 b 5 has the phrase "the image o f a male" ( m a n -DT). " (1. 4 ) . R. Garr, In His Own Image and Likeness: Humanity, Divinity, and Monotheism ( C H A N E 15; Leiden: Brill, 2 0 0 3 ) ; S. Bunta, "The L i k e n e s s o f the Image: A d a m i c Motifs and o^s A n t h r o p o l o g y in Rabbinic Traditions about Jacob's Image Enthroned in H e a v e n , " JSJ 3 7 ( 2 0 0 6 ) 5 5 84.
Discerning Wisdom: The Sapiential Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum) by Matthew J. Goff