Download e-book for kindle: Drawing Blood: Technology and Disease Identity in by Keith Wailoo

By Keith Wailoo

ISBN-10: 0801861810

ISBN-13: 9780801861819

ISBN-10: 0801870291

ISBN-13: 9780801870293

''Boldly and assuredly, Wailoo analyzes not just the function of physicians yet of study hospitals and pharmaceutical businesses. furthermore, he exhibits how such things as race, gender, and way of life motivated how physicians outlined and answered to the very ailments that have been referred to as into lifestyles via the hot applied sciences they employed.'' -- James H. Jones, American old Review

In Drawing Blood, scientific historian Keith Wailoo makes use of the tale of blood illnesses to provide an explanation for how physicians during this century wielded scientific expertise to outline sickness, carve out clinical specialties, and form political agendas. As Wailoo's account makes transparent, the probably uncomplicated technique of making a choice on affliction is normally stimulated through own, specialist, and social elements -- and consequently produces not just readability and precision but additionally bias and outright errors.

Drawing Blood unearths the ways that physicians and sufferers in addition to the illnesses themselves are concurrently shaping and being formed by way of expertise, clinical professionalization, and society at huge. This thought-provoking cultural historical past of sickness, drugs, and expertise bargains a huge viewpoint for present discussions of HIV and AIDS, genetic blood trying out, prostate-specific antigen, and different vital matters in an age of technological medicine.

''Wailoo's research breaks new ground... he makes use of a big selection of assets and kinds of knowledge to hold out an insightful research of a various pattern of 20th-century hematologic diseases.'' -- Robert A. Aronowitz, M.D., New England magazine of Medicine

'' Drawing Blood makes transparent that the excessive stakes eager about scientific know-how will not be simply monetary, yet ethical and much achieving. they've been harnessed to explain medical phenomena and to mirror social and cultural realities that effect not just scientific therapy yet self-identity, strength, and authority.'' -- Susan E. Lederer, H-Net Humanities & Social Sciences On Line

''Wailoo's masterful learn of hematology and its affliction discourse is a version of interdisciplinarity, combining cultural research, social heritage, and the historical past of scientific rules and expertise to supply a fancy narrative of ailment definition, analysis, and treatment... He reminds us that clinical expertise is a impartial artifact of heritage. it may be, and has been, used to explain and to cloud the certainty of ailment, and it has the capability either to constrain and to emancipate its subjects.'' -- Regina Morantz-Sanchez, Journal of Interdisciplinary History

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Extra info for Drawing Blood: Technology and Disease Identity in Twentieth-Century America

Example text

To Riesman, diseases were not static entities, but evolving ones. ”Many of them,” he wrote, “are like human beings. . ”60 It disappeared because of the emancipation of women: in diet, work, dress, lifestyle, and politics. ”61 Riesman did not associate the decline of chlorosis with the movement toward hospital practice and new uses of technology, but with the disappearance of a Victorian past. Physical constraints (corsets, limited exercise, and an indoor life) and social hardship (long working hours, industrial exploitation) for women had caused this disease.

Such a shift had egalitarian, and even democratic, overtones for, in the modern hospital, shop-girls and wealthy women would both be evaluated by the same scientific standard. Chlorosis thereby became a symptom rather than a disease, a vestige of an old-fashioned medical subjectivity. Yet chlorosis did not disappear everywhere and for everyone. It continued to be a vital concern for experts in childhood and development, appearing in a wide range of advice literature for parents. Scholars who were interested in the family and adolescent life continued to see it as a crucial warning sign.

It is important, however, to explore why this story has endured. The analysis highlights a continuing debate in twentieth-century medicine about the proper place of technology in medical thought, medical progress, and the profession’s sense of itself. 69The new twentieth-century physician-working in the laboratories of hospitals and research institutes and performing increasing numbers of blood tests in the pursuit of scientific precision-spoke of disease in biological, somatic, or organic terms.

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Drawing Blood: Technology and Disease Identity in Twentieth-Century America by Keith Wailoo

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