Download PDF by Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson: Early Human Occupation in British Columbia

By Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson

ISBN-10: 0774805366

ISBN-13: 9780774805360

This publication represents the archeological proof for the 1st 5,500 years of prehistory in British Columbia, from approximately 10,500 to 5,000 years in the past. As this era is poorly identified, even to experts, Early Human profession in British Columbia is a crucial contribution to present wisdom approximately an enigmatic time in a significantly vital sector of western North the USA.

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The distribution of bones is plotted in Figure 1 in which data from both subzones is combined. It is notable that two units (units 3 and 9) frequently contain the greatest percentage of specimens of particular taxonomic categories. Thus, unit 3 contains the highest frequencies of ground squirrel, snowshoe hare, grebes, ducks and coot, and cliff swallow; unit 9 contains the highest frequencies of microtines and grouse. This cannot be accounted for by the depth of sediment. 79 m3. Yet unit 3 contains a much greater concentration of bones than unit 4.

Further excavations were undertaken at Charlie Lake Cave in 1990 and 1991. The stratigraphy of Zone II has been revised to include more subzones, but the stratigraphic break described here as the Ila/IIb boundary is still unrecognised, and is still dated to about 10,000 BP. The beginning of Zone II probably dates about 10,500 BP. The end of Zone II now appears to date at about 9500 BP. More fauna were recovered in these excavations. Bison is still the only large mammal identified. Some species have been added to the microfauna and these will be reported elsewhere.

In Ha the presence of bison, a large lagomorph, ground squirrels, and cliff swallows are indicative of open conditions, while snowshoe hare indicate the presence of some forest. The virtual absence of waterfowl from subzone Ila seems to indicate that drainage regimes were not sufficiently stable to allow colonization by the plants and animals upon which waterfowl depend. In lib there is a notable decline in ground squirrels and cliff swallow, and the large lagomorphs are absent. The increased frequency of snowshoe hare, together with the presence of chestnut-cheeked vole and Capper's red-backed vole suggest that boreal forest domi- PALEOENVIRONMENTS At the time of the initial deposition of subzone Ha sediments extensive glacial lakes may have filled many valleys in the region (Mathews 1978,1980).

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Early Human Occupation in British Columbia by Luke R. Dalla Bona, Roy L. Carlson

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