By Bing-Yuan Cao, Sheng-Quan Ma, Hu-hua Cao
“Ecosystem evaluation and Fuzzy structures administration” is the edited final result of the third foreign convention on atmosphere overview administration (ICEAM) and the Workshop at the building of an Early caution Platform for Eco-tourism (WCEWPE) in Hainan on could 5-12, 2013, Haikou, China. The third ICEAM and the WCEWPE, equipped at the luck of prior meetings, are significant Symposiums for scientists, engineers and logistic administration researchers offering their the newest achievements, advancements and purposes in all parts of atmosphere evaluate administration, Early caution Platform for Eco-tourism and fuzziology. It goals to bolster kin among learn laboratories and universities, and to create a chief symposium for global scientists. The ebook, containing forty seven papers, is split into 5 components: “Ecosystem overview, administration and Information”; “Intelligent set of rules, Fuzzy Optimization and Engineering Application”; “Spatial info research and clever info Processing”; “Tourism tradition, improvement and making plans” and “Application of Operations study and Fuzzy Systems”.
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Titanium, silica, sapphire, and chemical fertilizer limestone reserves are most valuable in China, while oil shale and granite reserves are among the top in the whole nation. Hainan Island, having a pleasant climate that remains green through the year, with an attractive tropical landscape and unique oceanic islands, has great potential for developing tourism. According to a general survey, there are a total of 241 exploitable natural and cultural resources in Hainan categorized into 11 types as follows[1, 2]: 1.
5 Conclusion and Discussion Early warning is the most important element for risk management systems. Ecotourism EWSs include hazard risk, carrying capacity, and tourism impact monitoring, simulation and warning. Hazard risk monitoring can be linked with preexisting thematic warning system. Capacity monitoring should focus on tourism facility and Framework of an Ecotourism Early Warning System 31 resource carrying capacity, respectively. And impact assessment and simulation is the most important content for research and for long-term warning system.
J. Arid Environ. 59, 133–149 (2004) Framework of an Ecotourism Early Warning System: What can we Learn for Hainan, China? Li-qin Zhang, Jiang-feng Li and Sheng-Quan Ma Abstract Early warning systems (EWSs) are important for risk management. This chapter develops a framework of an ecotourism EWS which includes hazard risk, carrying capacity of service facilities and tourism sites, and tourism development impact assessment, monitoring and warning. Tourism impact is an emerging research spot. In EWSs, negative tourism impacts should be emphasized, including environmental, economic, and social impacts.
Ecosystem Assessment and Fuzzy Systems Management by Bing-Yuan Cao, Sheng-Quan Ma, Hu-hua Cao