By William G. Staples
Writing of their well-known Harvard legislations evaluate article of 1890, Louis Brandeis and Samuel Warren asserted what many have certainly one of the main adored American values: the fitting to be not to mention. but during this post-9/11 international, own privateness is extra threatened than ever. This e-book presents scholars and common readers a finished evaluation of privateness in modern the USA. incorporated are a few 225 alphabetically prepared entries written by way of greater than a hundred specialist participants. Entries hide such themes because the united states PATRIOT act, abortion rights, wiretapping, telemarketing, id robbery, DNA databases, net and e mail privateness, and diverse different matters. Entries cite works for extra studying, and the Encyclopedia closes with a bibliography of books, web pages, enterprises, and films.New threats to privateness have arisen within the face of competing social, political, and financial calls for, swift technological swap, and an intrusive and voyeuristic mass media. voters are barraged each day with tales of company information mining, executive surveillance courses, id robbery, and desktop hacking of non-public details. for that reason, voters have gotten more and more involved in their own privateness in addition to their privateness rights.This encyclopedia, the 1st of its variety, comprehensively overviews numerous facets of privateness all through U.S. background, together with major criminal instances, occasions, legislation, companies, participants, expertise, and phrases. With a few 225 alphabetically prepared entries written by means of greater than a hundred prime students and specialists within the box, this inclusive and authoritative paintings will attract these drawn to either historic and modern notions of privateness within the usa. Readers will study of the importance of expertise in state-of-the-art society, its useful and damaging results on electorate' privateness, and what to anticipate sooner or later. Entries cite print and digital assets, and the Encyclopedia closes with a list of books, companies, web pages, movies, and different resources of knowledge.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Privacy Two Volumes
The Driver’s Privacy Protection Act of 1994 made it more difficult to obtain personal information based on names and license plates. S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled in Planned Parenthood v. ACLA that the wanted posters were disseminated to intimidate doctors and constituted a “true threat” of violence. The plaintiffs were awarded $109 million in damages. Anti-abortion activists also have made attempts to uncloak patient privacy. Although it is difficult to estimate the extent to which these strategies are used, there have been reports of women who have received abortions being tracked down by phone calls, finding anti-abortion literature on their doorsteps, and having their Abortion family members or acquaintances informed of their abortion decision.
These improvements have enabled a broad variety of previously infeasible applications, both military and civil. Aside from surveilling or planning the movements of troops and equipment, remote sensing has been successfully employed in the monitoring of refugee flows, weapons proliferation, famine, genocide, and other humanitarian disasters, as well as in the support of law enforcement, mapping and surveying, journalism, environmental health assessment, verification of environmental treaty compliance, forest fire control, detection of toxic releases, inventory of natural resources, natural disaster mitigation, urban planning and development, resource prospecting, and scientific research.
Miller (1997) cited the Fourth Amendment in invalidating a Georgia state statute that required political candidates to submit to urine tests. Taken together, these decisions have helped further define and clarify privacy rights under the law. However, privacy remains a primary focus of the ACLU. In the early years of this century, the ACLU has become increasingly concerned with the growth of a “surveillance society” in which corporate and governmental organizations pose new threats to personal information and privacy.
Encyclopedia of Privacy Two Volumes by William G. Staples