By Alasdair MacIntyre
Alasdair MacIntyre is among the so much inventive and critical philosophers operating at the present time. This quantity provides a variety of his vintage essays on ethics and politics gathered jointly for the 1st time, focussing fairly at the issues of ethical confrontation, ethical dilemmas, and truthfulness and its significance. The essays variety extensively in scope, from Aristotle and Aquinas and what we have to study from them, to our modern financial and social constructions and the danger which they pose to the belief of the varieties of moral existence. they are going to attract quite a lot of readers throughout philosophy and particularly in ethical philosophy, political philosophy, and theology.
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Additional info for Ethics and Politics: Volume 2: Selected Essays
It is always as if the rational agent’s judgment and action were the conclusion of a chain of reasoning whose first premise was “Since the good and the best is such and such . ” But it is only in retrospect that our actions can be understood in this way. Deduction can never take the place of the exercise of phrone¯sis. The rational moral agent therefore always may, but seldom needs to end up as a moral and political philosopher. Yet moral and political philosophers always have to begin from their own experience as rational moral agents and, if they have had a defective upbringing, or if for some other reason the formation and the development of their character has gone astray, then they will also be defective as moral philosophers and no amount of reasoning will help them.
John McDowell’s account of what Aristotle understood by deliberation differs significantly from Broadie’s. But he does agree with her in rejecting much of what she rejects. More particularly he rejects the following interpretation of Aristotle’s account of deliberation. “The end proposed, doing well, is a universal, and the problem is to arrive at an instance of it. That can suggest that deliberation of this sort requires arriving at, or otherwise availing myself of a blueprint in universal terms and applying it to the circumstances at hand.
In order to become good,”17 an assertion suggesting strongly that the acquisition of theoretical knowledge about ends and means may on occasion itself be a means for becoming good. 13 NE 1096b31–35. 14 NE 1094a22–24. 15 In “In Defense of the Grand End,” Ethics 103, 2, January 1993; I am much indebted to Kraut’s article and to his writings in general. 16 NE 1214b6–14. 17 NE 1103b28. Aristotle against some modern Aristotelians 27 Secondly, if we accept from Bode´u¨s the thesis that legislators for and rulers over cities and households need theoretical knowledge of the human end, it seems difficult to avoid the conclusion that others too may need it for their individual purposes.
Ethics and Politics: Volume 2: Selected Essays by Alasdair MacIntyre