By Arthur F. Holmes
With over 60,000 copies in print when you consider that its unique ebook in 1984, Ethics has served a number of generations of scholars as a vintage advent to philosophical ethics from a Christian point of view. through the years the philosophical panorama has replaced a little bit, and during this moment version Arthur Holmes adjusts the argument and knowledge all through, thoroughly rewriting the unique bankruptcy on advantage ethics and including a brand new bankruptcy at the ethical agent. Holmes addresses the questions: what's stable? what's correct? How do we recognize? In doing so he additionally surveys numerous methods to ethics, together with cultural relativism, emotivism, moral egoism and utilitarianism―all with an acknowledgment of the hot postmodern setting.
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30 ETHICS ally unthinkable. Such words express and affect attitudes and feelings. S. nuclear policy evokes a certain interest and emotional response from me, but it might elicit a different response from you—or none at all. In arguing about it, our only cognitive disagreement can be about describable facts, but we also use “moral” language to influence each other’s attitudes and reactions. Stevenson seems to take for granted the underlying behavioristic account of language, that words are links in a cause-effect chain which locks us in to certain reactions.
4 This is the difference between what Butler calls true self-love and unnatural or debauched self-love. Debauched self-love separates the things we value for their own sake from the pleasure they afford, thereby indulging itself in ways that may be counterproductive to true self-interest. Another important psychological fact now arises: the “hedonic paradox” that the pursuit of pleasure for its own sake often results not in pleasure but frustration. ” Concentration on maximizing self-fulfillment can so distract our attention from enriching activities and external objects that the sense of fulfillment slips through our fingers.
5 We are never exempted, even in such exceptional cases, from justice and love. We shall pursue this later in regard to some other moral issues. This sketch of the fourfold structure of an ethic provides a helpful tool both for analyzing ethical positions and for approaching moral decisions. Because bases and principles are plainly more fundamental and strategic than the resultant rules and case decisions, we have examined the egoist and utilitarian principles as well as their bases in psychological egoism and empiricism, respectively.
Ethics: Approaching Moral Decisions by Arthur F. Holmes