Download PDF by Harry Gensler: Ethics: Contemporary Readings (Routledge Contemporary

By Harry Gensler

ISBN-10: 0203495667

ISBN-13: 9780203495667

ISBN-10: 0415256801

ISBN-13: 9780415256803

Ethics: modern Readings is designed to guide any pupil into the topic, via rigorously chosen vintage and modern articles. The ebook comprises articles through the prime figures within the box and gives a superb access to the subject. The booklet enhances Harry Gensler's Ethics: a modern Introduction (Routledge, 1998).

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Additional info for Ethics: Contemporary Readings (Routledge Contemporary Readings in Philosophy)

Sample text

Aristotle describes in some detail several examples of moral virtues, such as temperance, courage, and justice. But he also provides a formal description of a moral virtue. Each emerges from the habitual choosing of a mean, relative to us, between extremes in certain types of situations. ” Courageous persons, for example, always choose the action that is intermediate for them between cowardliness and foolhardiness. The determination of the mean does refer to pleasure and pain, since we tend to do actions that bring pleasure and avoid actions that bring pain.

But we have seen that the moral intuitions of different people seem to favor radically different norms about abortion. In the last chapter of my Ethics book, I argue that the golden-rule consistency view and prescriptivism favor the belief that abortion is wrong in at least most cases. While the details here are complicated, I basically argue that most people will not be consistent if they hold that abortion is normally permissible—since they will not consent to the idea of themselves having been aborted in normal circumstances.

The promisor does not treat the promisee with dignity, but, rather, as a mere tool to achieve the promisor’s goal of obtaining the needed money. 38 SWINDAL AND SPURGIN The categorical imperative results in a very strict set of ethical rules. For example, Kant derives exceptionless prohibitions against lying and suicide. These acts are wrong regardless of the circumstances and the consequences they produce. Exceptionless rules such as these give rise to staunch criticism of Kant’s ethics. Many suggest that it is a rule-bound theory that places a higher value on rules than persons.

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Ethics: Contemporary Readings (Routledge Contemporary Readings in Philosophy) by Harry Gensler

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