By Louis P. Pojman
Examine ethics from a vintage ethics textual content, written by way of one in every of modern philosophy's such a lot expert lecturers, Louis P. Pojman, now revised by way of best-selling writer and editor of the net ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY, James Fieser. ETHICS: getting to know correct AND improper, 7th version, deals a concise but accomplished evaluate of the basic targets and outlooks of moral idea. Written with Pojman's hallmark enticing, conversational demeanour with robust assisting pedagogy, this ebook demanding situations scholars to improve their very own ethical theories and to cause via moral difficulties for themselves. The textual content even-handedly increases severe questions and fosters self sustaining pondering inside a rigorous presentation that attracts various examples from either classical and modern resources. This version keeps the text's readability and strengths with its non-dogmatic type and beneficiant presentation of varied positions. This revision contains extra feminist and multicultural moral views.
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Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. ETHICAL RELATIVISM 15 Since the nineteenth century, we’ve made progress in understanding cultural diversity and now realize that the social conflict caused by “do-gooders” was a bad thing. In the last century or so, anthropology has exposed our fondness for ethnocentrism, the prejudicial view that interprets all of reality through the eyes of one’s own cultural beliefs and values.
The idea of natural law first appears among the Stoics (first century BCE), who believed that human beings have within them a divine spark (from the Greek logos spermatikos, meaning “the rational seed or sperm”) that enables them to discover the essential eternal laws necessary for individual happiness and social harmony. The whole universe is governed by laws that exhibit rationality. Nature in general and animals in particular obey these laws by necessity, but humans have a choice. Humans obey these laws because they can perceive the laws’ inner reasonableness.
Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. ETHICAL RELATIVISM 23 Thus, unless we have an independent moral basis for law, it is hard to see why we have any general duty to obey it. ” Both the validity of the law and morally motivated disobedience of unjust laws are voided in favor of a power struggle. Conventional Ethical Relativism Leads to Subjectivism An even more basic problem with the concept that morality depends on cultural acceptance for its validity is that the notion of a culture or society is notoriously difficult to define.
Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong , Seventh Edition by Louis P. Pojman