Download PDF by Elijah Millgram: Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for

By Elijah Millgram

ISBN-10: 0511130570

ISBN-13: 9780511130571

ISBN-10: 0511610610

ISBN-13: 9780511610615

ISBN-10: 0521548268

ISBN-13: 9780521548267

ISBN-10: 0521839432

ISBN-13: 9780521839433

Ethics performed correct examines how useful reasoning may be placed into the carrier of moral and ethical thought. Elijah Millgram demonstrates that the foremost to pondering ethics is to appreciate as a rule the way to make judgements. The papers during this quantity aid a methodological process and hint the connections among varieties of concept in utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, advantage ethics, Hume's ethical philosophy, and ethical particularism. in contrast to different reports of ethics, the e-book doesn't suggest a selected ethical conception. quite, it bargains a device that allows one to make your mind up for oneself.

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Evidently, the plausibility of utilitarianism depends on the large middle range of cases, and here, I suggest, we will see that the Contoured Presumption of Effectiveness does not hold good. The problem is that large changes in one’s welfare are correlated with minor changes in one’s utility. Getting admitted to (or rejected by) a prestigious college may make an enormous difference to how well the prospective student’s life is going, while making relatively little difference to how she feels: after a week or so of celebration or dejection, the applicant will be back on an even keel.

Better instead to take care of your theory of practical reasoning first, and only then see what its consequences are for the metaphysics of values. 9 Let’s wrap up the chapter by chapter survey, and step back to consider where the Method of Practical Reasoning can take us. After reviewing 26 Ethics Done Right the motivations for the Method of Practical Reasoning we have already seen, “Varieties of Practical Reasoning and Varieties of Moral Theory” (Chapter 11) suggests that the Method can do more than just help us to choose from among the moral or ethical theories that we already have.

4 Utilitarianism proposes as the criterion of moral choice that the option be selected that will most increase (or least decrease) overall utility. But if it were true that in normal circumstances nothing one does is going to make much of a difference to anyone’s utility, or is not going to make the right kind of a difference, then utilitarianism would not have in fact provided a satisfactory criterion of moral choice. As it turns out, something like this is actually the case. For while Mill was right in thinking that claiming happiness to be entirely impossible would be “at least an exaggeration,” there are more ways to fail to make the right kind of a difference to utility than not producing any at all.

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Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory by Elijah Millgram

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