By Theodore M. Vestal Ph.D.
Ethiopia, an African state with shut ties to the U.S. relationship from international warfare II, is a afflicted land. while the oppressive Marxist-Leninist dictatorship of the Derg collapsed in 1991, there has been desire new period may perhaps start for a democratic Ethiopia. in spite of the fact that, sponsored by way of the united states, the Ethiopian People's innovative Democratic entrance demonstrated a central authority that may now not percentage energy. rather than a transition to democracy, the EPRDF denied competition events significant participation in elections, violated human rights, and intensified ethnic mistrust one of the humans. based on critics, repressions of the govt are on a scale akin to these of the world's worst dictatorships. Vestal examines the plight of the Ethiopian humans and counters questionable govt pronouncements. He concludes with feedback for a revised U.S. coverage towards Ethiopia and for peaceable negotiations among the govt. and its political competition to improve a extra democratic procedure.
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Extra resources for Ethiopia: A Post-Cold War African State
4 Conceding the relativity of democracy, what are the parameters of the concept? Some definitions have stood the test of time. "5 In power terms, democracy is a political system in which political power is widely shared in the sense that citizens have ready access to positions of decision making. Such access has two meanings: the citizen's ability to contact decision makers to attempt to influence their decisions and the citizen's capability to stand for (compete for in an election) decision-making positions.
S. Rally," 31 May 1991, A10. CHAPTER 2 The Importance of Political Definitions Before reviewing and analyzing the record of the TGE, it is important to establish some semantic guidelines—to give definitions to significant words and phrases used in the Ethiopian political lexicon. Throughout the transition period, such terms as "democracy," "democratization," "authoritarianism," and "ideology" were bandied about without giving them meaningful explanations. "3 The four sections that follow will use the terminology of contemporary political science to bring a sharper, if not incisive, definition to key terms and phrases needed to understand the TGE's professed efforts at democratization.
Przeworski, 14. 34. Held, 224. 35. David F. Gordon, "On Promoting Democracy in Africa: The International Dimension," in Democracy in Africa: the Hard Road Ahead ed. Marina Ottaway, (Boulder, CO: L. Rienner, 1997), 156. The Importance of Political Definitions 21 36. Held, 223. 37. John B. Thompson, "Ideology," in The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World ed. Joel Krieger, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 409-410. 38. , Worku Aberra, "Ethnicism: The Ideology of a Worari State," Ethiopian Register 4 (June 1997): 24.
Ethiopia: A Post-Cold War African State by Theodore M. Vestal Ph.D.