By George J. Brooke
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Extra resources for Exegesis at Qumran. 4Q Florilegium in Its Jewish Context (JSOT supplement)
The Jewish Exegetical Context 31 tiqve1 in the Fragmentary Tar gum and the interpretation that results from its use are pre-tannaitio. A second example of ' aZ t-iqre* concerns the understanding of D'nt>N 133 and D'^'sj in Genesis 6:1 and 4 respectively. , it can "be reasonably ascertained that the Q'nt>K '32 were identified as angels; indeed, 1 Enoch 6-11, a midrash on Gen 6:1-4, is dependent on this identification. -^ After E. Simeon b. Johai'1^6 effort is made to exclude the connection between Q'n^N '33 and angels from Jewish literature; where angels are mentioned they appear to be merely parts of old interpretation that have not been removed and none of them has any link with Gen 6:1-4.
Jonathan and the Fragmentary Targum. A fragment from the Cairo Geniza published by W. Baars reads Ni^ra K'n i-op'TU T>T"ix Tin!? nap, d bound by bags of flowing water," which detracts somewhat from the miraculous nature of the event even though Yahweh provides the water-skins. 155 That this is an ancient traditional interpretation not necessarily primarily dependent on the originality of the 34 Exegesis at Qumran targumist appears from its occurrence in the Peshitta and elsewhere. 1 S9 Further attestation that this tradition in the Palestinian Targum is pre-tannaitic comes from Tg.
Alongside these scholars, and the list could be augmented, several have concentrated more on an analysis of the content of the Qumran biblical interpretation than on precise discussion of methods whereby that content was reached. Among those seeing Qumran exegesis as lying close to the mainstream of midrashic development in the intertestamental period is, above all, G. Vermes. 185 ^ R. Bloch also understood the pesharim 1 ftFi within the context of the early midrashim, but she noted that where they come close to apocalyptic literature ("revelation") then they diverge generically from the more reflective rabbinic midrashim.
Exegesis at Qumran. 4Q Florilegium in Its Jewish Context (JSOT supplement) by George J. Brooke