By Raymond Arthur
Creation -- kin existence and early life offending -- function of the neighborhood authority in fighting early life crime -- youth vulnerable to offending : little ones short of safeguard -- neighborhood gurus' interpretation in their formative years crime prevention tasks -- implementing the position of neighborhood professionals in fighting early life crime -- end
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Extra info for Family life and youth offending : home is where the hurt is
1996). Collinson found that drug use ﬁgured centrally and excessively in the lives of 59 per cent of a sample of 80 young male offenders in custody (Collinson 1994a, 1996). His sample reported ﬁgures of 54 per cent for lifetime prevalence of LSD use, 43 per cent for ecstasy and 20 per cent for heroin and cocaine or crack. The Youth Lifestyles Survey supports the ﬁnding that juvenile drug use and juvenile offending are associated (Flood-Page et al. 2000). Of the serious and persistent offenders3 aged 12–17, 38 per cent of males and 20 per cent of females admitted using drugs in the past 12 months, compared to 7 per cent of males and 4 per cent of females for the rest of the cohort.
2003) examined a sample of 293 young people who were clients of 11 youth offending teams in England and Wales between summer 2001 and summer 2002. Each young person completed an extensive structured questionnaire on a one-to-one basis under the guidance of a researcher. The questionnaire included questions on substance use, offending behaviour and family and social background. The group members were highly delinquent; most had committed multiple types of offences repeatedly. Substance use among the sample exceeded the rates of the Youth Lifestyles Survey offender group and the British Crime Survey group.
If juveniles are considered to be autonomous beings who are as capable of making rational choices as adults are, thus granting less weight to the inﬂuence of negative family factors as direct causes of their behaviour, then a retributive response is warranted. However, if juvenile offending behaviour is understood as a phenomenon caused by negative family factors working upon the innocent individual, then a parentalistic rehabilitation approach might be favoured to correct the problem. The evidence provided in this chapter proves that youth crime is a by-product of a low standard of living coupled with child neglect.
Family life and youth offending : home is where the hurt is by Raymond Arthur