By Shahzad Bashir
Captures the achievements of this Sufi philosopher and founding father of gnostic hurufism.
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Extra resources for Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis (Makers of the Muslim World)
TIMUR-I LANG Born into a lineage of chiefs of the Turkish Barlas tribe some time in the 1320s or 1330s,Timur distinguished himself as a charismatic and capable military man in his twenties. His father was a part of the ruling elite of the Chaghatay khanate in Central Asia. Between the 1350s and 1380, Timur went from being a minor overlord of the region around the city of Kish (also known as Shahr-i Sabz) to becoming the biggest power in Central Asia. He received a severe leg wound during a battle in the early days of his ascendancy, which led to a limp and the enduring epithet Timur the Lame (Timur-i Lang), transformed into Tamerlane in European languages.
First, they provide direct evidence for the fact that he saw himself as the messiah, whose mission was ratified by past religious heroes like ‘Ali. And third, the dreams have a militaristic side, indicating that he thought that he would be installed as a ruler after a bloody struggle. The idea that he saw himself as the messiah has already been mentioned, and here Fazlallah tells us that, in a dream that occurred in the year 1384, he saw the messiah dressed in white clothes and knew intuitively that these were his clothes.
The Sarbadar rulers of Sabzavar,with whom Fazlallah had contacts around 1360,allied themselves with Timur in 1381 and their domains were spared large-scale devastations. In 1384 during his first direct foray into central Iranian lands Timur conquered Astarabad, the city where Fazlallah was born in c. 046 14/12/2004 1:53 PM Page 36 36 FAZLALLAH ASTARABADI AND THE HURUFIS forces in 1386 and was made the capital of the whole of western Iran. Isfahan, a focus for Fazlallah’s activity through the early 1370s, surrendered in 1388 and the city’s population received particularly harsh treatment after some of Timur’s tax collectors were killed upon entering the city.
Fazlallah Astarabadi and the Hurufis (Makers of the Muslim World) by Shahzad Bashir