Read e-book online Flavonoids of the Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) PDF

By Prof. Dr. Bruce A. Bohm, Univ.-Prof. Dr. Tod F. Stuessy (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3211834796

ISBN-13: 9783211834794

ISBN-10: 3709161819

ISBN-13: 9783709161814

Flavonoids are secondary plant items that experience formerly been proven to be worthwhile in picking relationships between plant teams. This paintings offers comprehensively the incidence, styles of version, and systematic and evolutionary value of flavonoids within the sunflower relatives (Asteraceae), the most important family members of flowering crops (23,000 species). It gathers jointly the greater than 2500 reviews of flavonoids in Asteraceae released among 1950 to the current and translates those info in context of recent taxonomic (especially favourite) alignments. The authors talk about flavonoid styles with regards to sleek phylogenetic reviews in line with morphology and DNA info. This e-book presents, consequently, the main exhaustive synthesis and review of the systematic and evolutionary import of flavonoids ever finished for any huge kin of angiosperms.

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Extra info for Flavonoids of the Sunflower Family (Asteraceae)

Sample text

Cz ;:;:; x l;l ~ w . z"" ig ~ ~ z<> :::i l:! c ~ ::> '" i;l ;i u .... i... w '"z C ~ ~z S <> <> ::; E E ... z ... 15 ... ; ~z '" '" S gs;;;.. ~ c u Fig. 2-3. Strict consensus tree for all equally parsimonious trees in a morphological cladistic analysis of tribes of Asteraceae. From Bremer (1987) remains unchanged. Bremer (1987, 1994) also concluded that subtribe Bamadesiinae of tribe Mutisieae was basal for the family, but this was influenced at least in part by the DNA work of Jansen (see below).

His arguments were quite well reasoned: Heliantheae contained much morphological diversity, and taxa had often foliaceous phyllaries, palae on the receptacle, and more calyx-like pappus members. On the other extreme, he stressed the advanced nature of Lactuceae (Cichoriaceae) with the more uniform morphology throughout the group, the pappus highly modified into bristles, and usually without receptacular pa1eae (but when present, thin and less bract-like). During the period from Bentham's time up to the early part of the 20th century, a number of important taxonomic and evolutionary contributions appeared.

His treatment consisted of: Vernoniaceae, Eupatoriaceae, Asteroideae, Inuloideae, Helianthoideae, Helenioideae, Anthemideae, Senecionideae, Calendulaceae, Arctotideae, Cynaroideae, Mutisiaceae, and Cichoriaceae. Bentham tended to use a wider spectrum of different morphological characters than did Cassini to build his system, and it has been more widely Classification, Phylogeny, and Biogeography 29 followed, no doubt in part owing to its use in the extremely popular Genera Plantarum. The first worker to address evolutionary issues within Asteraceae was also Bentham.

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Flavonoids of the Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) by Prof. Dr. Bruce A. Bohm, Univ.-Prof. Dr. Tod F. Stuessy (auth.)


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