By Laurence M Hauptman
This can be the 1st descriptive research of the way American Indian guidelines are made either on the statewide and at supplier degrees. Pertinent to all states, the research describes New York's historical rules and emphasizes that bettering Indian life or attracting Indians to executive employment is handicapped through their total mistrust of kingdom intentions, a mistrust attributable to the ongoing deadlock on American Indian land claims. utilizing archival files by no means earlier than used, in addition to a plethora of interviews with kingdom officers and American Indians over a fifteen-year interval, Hauptman concludes that serious coverage alterations are had to construct lasting belief.
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Additional info for Formulating American Indian Policy in New York State, 1970-1986
There are also Indian populations in New York who are recognized neither by state nor federal governments, most notably the Ramapo Indians of Orange and Rockland Counties. In contrast to New York State's non-recognition of the Ramapos, New Jersey has a government-to-government relationship with the Ramapo Indians. In addition, perhaps as many as half of the American Indian populations of New York State are from other other states or from Canada, having relocated here in search of better economic opportunities.
We have always had a better chance of obtaining justice from Washington than from the state or local government. 40 While New York State was seeking to gain jurisdictional control over the Indians during the interwar period, the Iroquois were undergoing a period of cultural and religious revitalization which spilled over as new attempts at seeking justice from the governments of Canada and the United States, as well as New York State. On March 3, 1920, the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, in United States v.
State governments from New York to California have had similar sources of conflict with American Indian nations. These sore points include Indian land loss and land claims; state criminal and civil jurisdiction; the lack of state services; overlapping federal and state responsibilities; state powers of taxation; tribal v. state sovereignty; unprotected Indian burial sites; and the limited American Indian employment in state governments. Stephen L. Pevar, staff counsel of the American Civil Liberties Union Indian Rights Committee, has succinctly observed: "Every Indian reservation is located within the boundaries of a state.
Formulating American Indian Policy in New York State, 1970-1986 by Laurence M Hauptman