By Russ Shafer-Landau
In The basics of Ethics, 3rd version, writer Russ Shafer-Landau employs a uniquely attractive writing sort to introduce scholars to the basic rules of ethical philosophy. supplying extra entire insurance of the nice lifestyles, normative ethics, and metaethics than the other textual content of its sort, this ebook additionally addresses concerns which are frequently passed over from different texts, reminiscent of the doctrine of doing and permitting, the doctrine of double impact, moral particularism, the desire-satisfaction idea of health, and ethical mistakes idea. Shafer-Landau rigorously reconstructs and analyzes dozens of arguments intensive, at a degree that's comprehensible to scholars without previous philosophical history. The textual content is supplemented by means of a web Instructor's guide and automated try out financial institution and a spouse web site with pupil self-quizzes and extra resources.
Ideal for classes in introductory ethics and modern ethical difficulties, this e-book can be utilized as a stand-alone textual content or with the author's spouse reader, The moral lifestyles: basic Readings in Ethics and ethical Problems, 3rd Edition.
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S. president. In one way, this reasoning is impeccable. It is logically flawless. This is a valid argument. If all premises of this argument were true, then the conclusion would have to be true. It is impossible for 1 and 2 to be true and 3 to be false. It passes our test for logical validity with flying colors. S. president) and a false conclusion. The truth of an argument’s premises is one thing; its logical status is another. The lesson here is that truth isn’t everything; neither is logic. We need them both.
We may offer excellent reasons and arguments on behalf of our moral views, but at the end of the day, it’s possible that not everyone will be convinced. But this is no different from any other area of inquiry. There is no litmus test that can distinguish all true biological claims from false ones, accurate economic forecasts from the inaccurate, correct chemistry hypotheses from incorrect ones. There is potential for disagreement in all areas of thinking. The absence of a perfectly reliable test for truth does not mean that all claims are equally true, or that truth is in the eye of the beholder.
But not because it relies on false claims. Rather, the argument’s logical structure is to blame. The logic of an argument is a matter of how its premises are related to its conclusion. In the best arguments, the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion. When an argument has this feature, it is logically valid. The heroin argument is invalid. The truth of its premises does not guarantee the truth of its conclusion—indeed, the conclusion may be false. Since the best arguments are logically valid, we will want to make sure that our own arguments meet this condition.
Fundamentals of Ethics by Russ Shafer-Landau