By Elizabeth Brouwer, Bruce Harris, Sonom Tanaka
In October 1996, The East Asia and Pacific quarter constructed a local Gender motion Plan that under pressure the significance of country-specific options relating to gender concerns. This record on gender in Papua New Guinea intends to put the root for this kind of method. The record offers an overview of the major ancient, financial, demographic, political, geographic, socio-cultural, felony and institutional concerns which are proper to knowing the prestige of ladies in Papua New Guinea this present day.
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Even beliefs that from one perspective can be seen as oppressive or restrictive of women - such as the idea that women's bodies were polluting to men - can also be interpreted as giving women power to punish or retaliate when wronged. Secondly, women's role as producer and provider of food for her family and for exchange at feasts gave her social recognition and value to her own kin and to the kin of her husband. In many societies there were distinct initiation ceremonies for boys and girls. These provided education and were rituals that incorporated adolescents into the world of adults.
Unfortunately PNG is not providing very much in the way of development of either of these kinds of activities. As can be seen from data on the gender allocation of formal employment (Hetler and Siew-Ean: 1987; Heyzer Sen: 1994) PNG's industrial employment is heavily biased in favor of males, which indicates that it has little in the way of labor-intensive industry. In fact because PNG's tiny domestically oriented industrial sector has been developed behind an overvalued exchange rate with high tariff and non-tariff trade barriers, activity is relatively capital-intensive.
This provides room for cautious optimism that the political influence of women will finally become a powerful and coordinated force for positive change. 6 Economic Environment Macroeconomic Environment The two main areas of economic activity in low-income countries that benefit women disproportionately to men are in informal, micro-enterprise activities and in labor-intensive industries. Informal market activities can be very diverse, ranging from production and sidewalk sale of agricultural goods, to production and sale of handicrafts, to personal transport, or to hair cutting.
Gender Analysis in Papua New Guinea by Elizabeth Brouwer, Bruce Harris, Sonom Tanaka