By Linda Hantrais
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Extra resources for Gendered Policies in Europe: Reconciling Employment and Family Life
7) five months later, the European Commission attempted an interpretation of the judgement, arguing that 'the Court seems to condemn, in principle, the special feature of the Bremen law, that is the automaticity of the measure which gives women an unconditional right to promotion'. The text proposed a 'declaratory clarifying amendment' to the equal treatment directive authorizing all other forms of positive action (European Commission, 1996). The Council of Ministers was reluctant to adopt this amendment, considering it unnecessary.
Both the programmes and the charter enjoyed greater political visibility in Europe than their weak legal status and restricted funding might suggest. For example, member states were required to report annually to the Commission on the actions taken with regard to each of the workers' rights included in the charter. The introduction of new issues in EC equality policy and the implementation of the action programmes were facilitated by the work of the administrative unit (Women's Bureau) set up within Directorate General V in 1976 (Hoskyns, 1996, p.
When Council Directive 96/34/EC was eventually agreed in 1996, the period over which the leave could be taken was extended up to the time when the child reached the age of eight (see Chapter 2). An important stipulation was that the right should be granted to each parent on a non- 18 Linda Hantrais transferable basis. No reference was made to any payment during the leave period, but member states were given discretion to decide under what conditions leave should be granted, enabling them to retain the individual arrangements already in operation (see Chapter 3).
Gendered Policies in Europe: Reconciling Employment and Family Life by Linda Hantrais