By Allen J. Scott
Targeting the subject of the at the same time constitutive family among geographic house and the industrial order, Allen J. Scott discusses the issues of the positioning of monetary actions, studying and innovation in business structures, and fiscal improvement. those difficulties are handled in either theoretical and empirical terms.
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Extra resources for Geography and Economy (Clarendon Lectures in Geography and Environmental Studies)
Sheard 1983). In addition, as Storper and Harrison (1991) have shown, composite industrial systems will almost always be associated with overlying structures of governance or regulation, and these structures will vary widely, depending on basic patterns of production and divisions of labour. 1. Our main objective is now to deploy the concepts and analysis developed thus far in a widely ranging investigation of the mainsprings of economic geography. In pursuit of this objective two interrelated sets of issues will be examined.
I have no intention of attempting to summarize the whole of this literature here (for an extensive review, see Storper 1997). Instead, we will Wnd it useful and informative, I believe, to consider some of the published empirical testimony that was already available well before the round of intensive research activities dating from the 1980s and 1990s moved into full swing. Indeed, the quality of this testimony Geography and the Division of Labour 27 is in some instances unequalled by latter-day analysts, who by and large tend to neglect this rich vein of antecedent research, apart from routine acknowledgements of the pioneering discussion of industrial districts oVered by Marshall (1890, 1919), and an occasional gesture in the direction of Alfred Weber (1909).
1 lays out the essential points. The horizontal axis of the table represents the optimal scale of the representative establishment in any given industrial system; the vertical axis represents external economies of scale and scope. Ideally, the analysis should distinguish between scale eVects on the one side and scope eVects on the other, but for expositional purposes, I have selected the option of bundling them together and assuming that they are positively correlated with one another. This is admittedly an oversimpliWcation, but only a small amount of generality is lost as a result.
Geography and Economy (Clarendon Lectures in Geography and Environmental Studies) by Allen J. Scott